A phase of strong interacting matter with deconfined quarks is expected in the core of massive neutron stars. In this article, we perform a study of the hadron--quark phase transition in cold ($T = 0$) neutron star matter and we calculate various structural properties of hybrid stars. For the quark phase, we make use of an equation of state (EOS) derived with the Field Correlator Method (FCM) recently extended to the case of nonzero baryon density. For the hadronic phase, we consider both pure nucleonic and hyperonic matter, and we derive the corresponding EOS within a relativistic mean field approach. We make use of measured neutron star masses, and particularly the mass $M = 1.97 \pm 0.04 \, M_\odot$ of PSR~J1614-2230, to constrain the values of the gluon condensate $G_2$, which is one of the EOS parameter within the FCM. We find that the values of $G_2$ extracted from the mass measurement of PSR~J1614-2230 are consistent with the values of the same quantity derived, within the FCM, from recent lattice QCD calculations of the deconfinement transition temperature at zero baryon chemical potential. The FCM thus provides a powerful tool to link numerical calculations of QCD on a space-time lattice with measured neutron star masses.

Quark deconfinement transition in neutron stars with the field correlator method

LOGOTETA D.;BOMBACI, IGNAZIO
2013

Abstract

A phase of strong interacting matter with deconfined quarks is expected in the core of massive neutron stars. In this article, we perform a study of the hadron--quark phase transition in cold ($T = 0$) neutron star matter and we calculate various structural properties of hybrid stars. For the quark phase, we make use of an equation of state (EOS) derived with the Field Correlator Method (FCM) recently extended to the case of nonzero baryon density. For the hadronic phase, we consider both pure nucleonic and hyperonic matter, and we derive the corresponding EOS within a relativistic mean field approach. We make use of measured neutron star masses, and particularly the mass $M = 1.97 \pm 0.04 \, M_\odot$ of PSR~J1614-2230, to constrain the values of the gluon condensate $G_2$, which is one of the EOS parameter within the FCM. We find that the values of $G_2$ extracted from the mass measurement of PSR~J1614-2230 are consistent with the values of the same quantity derived, within the FCM, from recent lattice QCD calculations of the deconfinement transition temperature at zero baryon chemical potential. The FCM thus provides a powerful tool to link numerical calculations of QCD on a space-time lattice with measured neutron star masses.
Logoteta, D.; Bombaci, Ignazio
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
2013_PRD_88_logoteta-bombaci.pdf

accesso aperto

Descrizione: file PDF
Tipologia: Versione finale editoriale
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 963.87 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
963.87 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/236804
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 32
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 33
social impact