A new index is defined with the aim of further exploring the metric of excited electronic states in the framework of the time-dependent density functional theory. This descriptor, called Δr, is based on the charge centroids of the orbitals involved in the excitations and can be interpreted in term of the hole−electron distance. The tests carried out on a set of molecules characterized by a significant number of charge-transfer excitations well illustrate its ability in discriminating between short (Δr ≤ 1.5 Å) and long-range (Δr ≥ 2.0 Å) excitations. On the basis of the well-known pitfalls of TD-DFT, its values can be then associated to the functional performances in reproducing different type of transitions and allow for the definition of a “trust radius” for GGA and hybrid functionals. The study of other systems, including some well-known difficult cases for other metric descriptors, gives further evidence of the high discrimination power of the proposed index. The combined use with other density or orbital-based descriptors is finally suggested to have a reliable diagnostic test of TD-DFT transitions.

On the Metric of Charge Transfer Molecular Excitations: A Simple Chemical Descriptor

GUIDO, Ciro Achille;MENNUCCI, BENEDETTA;
2013

Abstract

A new index is defined with the aim of further exploring the metric of excited electronic states in the framework of the time-dependent density functional theory. This descriptor, called Δr, is based on the charge centroids of the orbitals involved in the excitations and can be interpreted in term of the hole−electron distance. The tests carried out on a set of molecules characterized by a significant number of charge-transfer excitations well illustrate its ability in discriminating between short (Δr ≤ 1.5 Å) and long-range (Δr ≥ 2.0 Å) excitations. On the basis of the well-known pitfalls of TD-DFT, its values can be then associated to the functional performances in reproducing different type of transitions and allow for the definition of a “trust radius” for GGA and hybrid functionals. The study of other systems, including some well-known difficult cases for other metric descriptors, gives further evidence of the high discrimination power of the proposed index. The combined use with other density or orbital-based descriptors is finally suggested to have a reliable diagnostic test of TD-DFT transitions.
Guido, Ciro Achille; Pietro, Cortona; Mennucci, Benedetta; Carlo, Adamo
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/237868
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