The band shapes corresponding to both the absorption and emission spectra of a set of 20 representative conjugated molecules, including recently synthesized structures, have been simulated with a Time-Dependent Density Functional Theory model including diffuse atomic orbitals and accounting for bulk solvent effects. Six hybrid functionals, including two range-separated hybrids (B3LYP, PBE0, M06, M06-2X, CAM-B3LYP, and LC-PBE) have been assessed in light of the experimental band shapes obtained for these conjugated compounds. Basis set and integration grid effects have also been evaluated. It turned out that all tested functionals but LC-PBE reproduce the main experimental features for both absorption and fluorescence, though the average errors are significantly larger for the latter phenomena. No single functional stands out as the most accurate for all aspects, but B3LYP yields the smallest mean absolute deviation. On the other hand, M06-2X could be a valuable compromise for excited-states as it reproduces the 0−0 energies and also gives reasonable band shapes. The typical mean absolute deviations between the relative positions of the experimental and theoretical peaks in the vibrationally resolved spectra are ca. 100 cm−1 for absorption and 250 cm−1 for emission. In the same time, the relative intensities of the different maxima are reproduced by TD- DFT with a ca. 10−15% accuracy.
|Autori:||Azzam Charaf-Eddin;Aurelien Planchat;Benedetta Mennucci;Carlo Adamo;Denis Jacquemin|
|Titolo:||Choosing a Functional for Computing Absorption and Fluorescence Band Shapes with TD-DFT|
|Anno del prodotto:||2013|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1021/ct4000795|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|