Central visual pathways are similarly organized in all vertebrates, although differences are also evident in the distribution of retinofugal axons in mammals, birds and reptiles. We traced the retinofugal projections in the European lizard Podarcis sicula Rafinesque and compared our observations with previous findings in other reptilian species, as well as in mammals and in birds, in order to contribute to the understanding of similarities and differences in the pattern of organization of visual pathways in these vertebrate classes. Either HRP or 3H-proline injections were placed into one eye. No differences in staining pattern were observed between HRP and 3H-proline experiments. Prominent retinofugal projections were observed to the thalamic nuclei nucleus dorsolateralis, nucleus geniculatus lateralis dorsalis, nucleus geniculatus lateralis ventralis and nucleus geniculatus lateralis ventralis, pars ventralis. In the hypothalamus the suprachiasmatic nucleus, and in the pretectum nuclei geniculatus pretectalis, lentiformis mesencephali and posterodorsalis contained detectable amounts of labeled terminals. Retinal fibers were distributed to layers 14 and 12 of the optic tectum and terminated in layers 13, 11, and 8. Labeled fibers were also present in the basal optic tract, and terminals were located in the nucleus of the basal optic tract. Ipsilateral retinofugal fibers were detected in the optic tract, and terminals were observed in the same thalamic and pretectal nuclei which receive crossed projections. No terminals in the ipsilateral tectal layers could be demonstrated. Compared to the crossed projection, the ipsilateral retinofugal contingent was very small. These results confirm and extend data from previous studies in reptiles and are consistent with the distribution of retinofugal fibers found in other vertebrates. The presence of ipsilateral retinofugal projections represents a common feature of the organization of visual pathways in reptiles, although its importance for binocular interactions remains to be elucidated.
|Autori:||CASINI G; PETRINI P; FO A; BAGNOLI P|
|Titolo:||Pattern of organization of primary visual pathways in the european lizard Podarcis sicula Rafinesque|
|Anno del prodotto:||1994|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|