Recurrent hepatitis and acute rejection share common features which make difficult for diagnosis in liver transplant hepatitis C virus (HCV) positive patients. We studied the usefulness of quantitative monitoring of HCV RNA and immunoglobulin (Ig)M anti-HCV in the differential diagnosis between recurrent hepatitis and acute rejection in 98 consecutive anti-HCV positive liver transplant patients. Aminotransferase levels, serum HCV RNA and IgM anti-HCV were measured at the time of transplantation and monthly thereafter. A liver biopsy (LB) was obtained when serum aminotransferase levels increased to twice or more than normal. During a mean follow-up of 16 months 86 aminotransferase flares were observed. Histology was compatible with recurrent hepatitis C in 44 cases and with acute rejection in 28, doubtful in 14. The fluctuations of HCV RNA serum levels were not significantly different in the three groups. Serum IgM anti-HCV levels increased (from negative to positive or with value variations > or = 0.18) in 36 of 44 cases with recurrent hepatitis C at the time of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) flare. IgM anti-HCV remained unchanged in all rejection cases (P < 0.001), but increased in 10 of 11 histologically doubtful cases that were diagnosed as hepatitis at the second LB. Increasing serum levels of IgM anti-HCV at the time of ALT flares are significantly associated with recurrent hepatitis C in liver transplant patients. The quantitative monitoring of IgM anti-HCV appears to be an additional diagnostic tool for distinguishing recurrent hepatitis C from acute graft rejection with a 100% specificity; 100% positive predictive value and 88.9% diagnostic accuracy.
|Autori:||P. Ciccorossi;F. Filipponi;F. Oliveri;D. Campani;P. Colombatto;F. Bonino;M. Campa;G. Maltinti;F. Mosca;M. R. Brunetto|
|Titolo:||Increasing serum levels of IgM anti-HCV are diagnostic of recurrent hepatitis C in liver transplant patients with ALT flares|
|Anno del prodotto:||2003|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1046/j.1365-2893.2003.00425.x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|