Recurrent hepatitis and acute rejection share common features which make difficult for diagnosis in liver transplant hepatitis C virus (HCV) positive patients. We studied the usefulness of quantitative monitoring of HCV RNA and immunoglobulin (Ig)M anti-HCV in the differential diagnosis between recurrent hepatitis and acute rejection in 98 consecutive anti-HCV positive liver transplant patients. Aminotransferase levels, serum HCV RNA and IgM anti-HCV were measured at the time of transplantation and monthly thereafter. A liver biopsy (LB) was obtained when serum aminotransferase levels increased to twice or more than normal. During a mean follow-up of 16 months 86 aminotransferase flares were observed. Histology was compatible with recurrent hepatitis C in 44 cases and with acute rejection in 28, doubtful in 14. The fluctuations of HCV RNA serum levels were not significantly different in the three groups. Serum IgM anti-HCV levels increased (from negative to positive or with value variations > or = 0.18) in 36 of 44 cases with recurrent hepatitis C at the time of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) flare. IgM anti-HCV remained unchanged in all rejection cases (P < 0.001), but increased in 10 of 11 histologically doubtful cases that were diagnosed as hepatitis at the second LB. Increasing serum levels of IgM anti-HCV at the time of ALT flares are significantly associated with recurrent hepatitis C in liver transplant patients. The quantitative monitoring of IgM anti-HCV appears to be an additional diagnostic tool for distinguishing recurrent hepatitis C from acute graft rejection with a 100% specificity; 100% positive predictive value and 88.9% diagnostic accuracy.

Increasing serum levels of IgM anti-HCV are diagnostic of recurrent hepatitis C in liver transplant patients with ALT flares

FILIPPONI, FRANCO;CAMPANI, DANIELA;BONINO, FERRUCCIO;CAMPA, MARIO;MOSCA, FRANCO;BRUNETTO, MAURIZIA ROSSANA
2003

Abstract

Recurrent hepatitis and acute rejection share common features which make difficult for diagnosis in liver transplant hepatitis C virus (HCV) positive patients. We studied the usefulness of quantitative monitoring of HCV RNA and immunoglobulin (Ig)M anti-HCV in the differential diagnosis between recurrent hepatitis and acute rejection in 98 consecutive anti-HCV positive liver transplant patients. Aminotransferase levels, serum HCV RNA and IgM anti-HCV were measured at the time of transplantation and monthly thereafter. A liver biopsy (LB) was obtained when serum aminotransferase levels increased to twice or more than normal. During a mean follow-up of 16 months 86 aminotransferase flares were observed. Histology was compatible with recurrent hepatitis C in 44 cases and with acute rejection in 28, doubtful in 14. The fluctuations of HCV RNA serum levels were not significantly different in the three groups. Serum IgM anti-HCV levels increased (from negative to positive or with value variations > or = 0.18) in 36 of 44 cases with recurrent hepatitis C at the time of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) flare. IgM anti-HCV remained unchanged in all rejection cases (P < 0.001), but increased in 10 of 11 histologically doubtful cases that were diagnosed as hepatitis at the second LB. Increasing serum levels of IgM anti-HCV at the time of ALT flares are significantly associated with recurrent hepatitis C in liver transplant patients. The quantitative monitoring of IgM anti-HCV appears to be an additional diagnostic tool for distinguishing recurrent hepatitis C from acute graft rejection with a 100% specificity; 100% positive predictive value and 88.9% diagnostic accuracy.
P., Ciccorossi; Filipponi, Franco; F., Oliveri; Campani, Daniela; P., Colombatto; Bonino, Ferruccio; Campa, Mario; G., Maltinti; Mosca, Franco; Brunetto, MAURIZIA ROSSANA
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/256737
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