The motor responses of the jejunum and colon to stimulation of alpha2-adrenoceptors by medetomidine and clonidine were investigated in four dogs. In fasting dogs, medetomidine, at a dose rate of 30 mug/kg i.v., disrupted the migrating myoelectric complex (MMC) pattern of the small intestine for about 2 h. Similar, but shorter-lasting effects were also induced by clonidine (30 mug/kg i.v.) on the jejunum. The administration of alpha2-agonists inhibited colonic motility in fasting dogs, although medetomidine-induced inhibition was preceded by a short period of increased muscle tone. All these effects were reversed by the alpha2-antagonists atipamezole (0.15 mg/kg i.v.) and yohimbine (0.20 mg/kg i.v.). In fed dogs, medetomidine (30 mug/kg i.v.) induced a strong increase of the tone on the proximal colon, while the activity of the medium and distal colon was completely suppressed. Yohimbine (0.50 mg/kg i.v.) immediately restored the activity of the colon and induced a propagated giant contraction and defaecation by the animal. These data confirm the importance Of alpha2-adrenergic receptors in the control of intestinal and colonic motility in the dog.

Effects of medetomidine on intestinal and colonic motility in the dog

INTORRE, LUIGI;SOLDANI, GIULIO
1994-01-01

Abstract

The motor responses of the jejunum and colon to stimulation of alpha2-adrenoceptors by medetomidine and clonidine were investigated in four dogs. In fasting dogs, medetomidine, at a dose rate of 30 mug/kg i.v., disrupted the migrating myoelectric complex (MMC) pattern of the small intestine for about 2 h. Similar, but shorter-lasting effects were also induced by clonidine (30 mug/kg i.v.) on the jejunum. The administration of alpha2-agonists inhibited colonic motility in fasting dogs, although medetomidine-induced inhibition was preceded by a short period of increased muscle tone. All these effects were reversed by the alpha2-antagonists atipamezole (0.15 mg/kg i.v.) and yohimbine (0.20 mg/kg i.v.). In fed dogs, medetomidine (30 mug/kg i.v.) induced a strong increase of the tone on the proximal colon, while the activity of the medium and distal colon was completely suppressed. Yohimbine (0.50 mg/kg i.v.) immediately restored the activity of the colon and induced a propagated giant contraction and defaecation by the animal. These data confirm the importance Of alpha2-adrenergic receptors in the control of intestinal and colonic motility in the dog.
1994
Maugeri, S; Ferre, Jp; Intorre, Luigi; Soldani, Giulio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/25952
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