The motor responses of the jejunum and colon to stimulation of alpha2-adrenoceptors by medetomidine and clonidine were investigated in four dogs. In fasting dogs, medetomidine, at a dose rate of 30 mug/kg i.v., disrupted the migrating myoelectric complex (MMC) pattern of the small intestine for about 2 h. Similar, but shorter-lasting effects were also induced by clonidine (30 mug/kg i.v.) on the jejunum. The administration of alpha2-agonists inhibited colonic motility in fasting dogs, although medetomidine-induced inhibition was preceded by a short period of increased muscle tone. All these effects were reversed by the alpha2-antagonists atipamezole (0.15 mg/kg i.v.) and yohimbine (0.20 mg/kg i.v.). In fed dogs, medetomidine (30 mug/kg i.v.) induced a strong increase of the tone on the proximal colon, while the activity of the medium and distal colon was completely suppressed. Yohimbine (0.50 mg/kg i.v.) immediately restored the activity of the colon and induced a propagated giant contraction and defaecation by the animal. These data confirm the importance Of alpha2-adrenergic receptors in the control of intestinal and colonic motility in the dog.
|Autori:||Maugeri S; Ferre JP; Intorre L; Soldani G|
|Titolo:||Effects of medetomidine on intestinal and colonic motility in the dog|
|Anno del prodotto:||1994|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1111/j.1365-2885.1994.tb00225.x|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|