The thermally induced change of the birefringence of a high-birefringence fused-silica optical fiber, when exposed to a proton beam (2 MeV, 0.5-44 nA, 5-mm spot diameter), was measured with a.fiber-optic polarimetric sensor. A short length (5 cm) of 125-mu-diam, single-mode, polarization-maintaining optical fiber was put orthogonally to the beam in vacuo and the linear polarization of a HeNe laser beam launched into the fiber was analyzed by a polarizer and recorded by a photodetector. The response of the sensor both to a continuous and to a modulated proton beam was studied. The photodetector output, which varies with the cosine of the induced relative phase retardance between the fiber eigenmodes, provides a dc or an ac (10 Hz test modulation frequency) measurement of the beam current. This device acts as a proton beam intensity monitor, with minimum beam perturbation and a sensitivity of 0.1 nA. Its possible use also as a beam position monitor or as a wire-scanner beam profiler is suggested.
|Autori:||BERNINI U; CAMPAJOLA L; CONTI M; DEL GUERRA A; DIFIORE L; GRADO A; ROCA V; RUSSO P|
|Titolo:||FIBEROPTIC PROTON-BEAM INTENSITY MONITOR|
|Anno del prodotto:||1994|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1063/1.1144913|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|