Warm-season species are more and more replacing the “common” cool-season turfs for sports and recreational uses, in Italy, according to the excellent adaptability to the Mediterranean environment. Turf establishment can be performed in many different ways, like seeding, stolonizing/sprigging or sodding. An innovative technique of planting was recently patented in Italy (“Erbavoglio system”). It consists in transplanting pre-cultivated warm season turgrass plants (similar to horticultural nursery). It is based on the quickly ground cover capacity of these species by means of stolons and rhizomes. “Erbavoglio system” allows to easily convert from a cool-season turf to a warm season turf. Transplanting can be performed both in tilled and untilled soil. This second option allows the site to be used immediately after planting, as the better soil carrying capacity is provided by untilled soil. The work yard for the conversion from a cool season turf to berdumagrass (Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers x transvaalensis Burtt-Davy) of the “Stadio Comunale Sant'Elia” placed in Cagliari, Italy, was assessed from the may 31st 2011 to June 1st 2011. The work yard was characterized by the following machines/operators: • a 41 kW 4WD tractor; • a common 4-row mechanical transplanter, which was adjusted to work in the untilled mowed football pitch and accommodates 4 back-seated operators (one per row, planting distance: 25 cm inter-row and 24 cm intra-row); • 4 walking operators who manually transplanted the plants in case of failure. The working speed of the tractor was about 0.7 km h-1, the theoretical working time about 15 h ha-1, the actual working time 28 h ha-1, thus the work efficiency was about 0.52. The fuel consumption was about 28 kg ha-1. The planting regularity of the transplanter was very low because of the stolons-net, which made very tough the work of the back-seated operators, who had to move the plants from polystyrene trays to the delivery device of the operative machine. This parameter improved considerably after the pass of manual transplanting. In this concern, an automatic transplanter was modified in order to work in untilled soil within a second specific trial.

Bermudagrass transplanting: a new technique for professional football pitch installation in untilled soil.

FONTANELLI, MARCO;FRASCONI, CHRISTIAN;RAFFAELLI, MICHELE;MARTELLONI, LUISA;PERUZZI, ANDREA
2013

Abstract

Warm-season species are more and more replacing the “common” cool-season turfs for sports and recreational uses, in Italy, according to the excellent adaptability to the Mediterranean environment. Turf establishment can be performed in many different ways, like seeding, stolonizing/sprigging or sodding. An innovative technique of planting was recently patented in Italy (“Erbavoglio system”). It consists in transplanting pre-cultivated warm season turgrass plants (similar to horticultural nursery). It is based on the quickly ground cover capacity of these species by means of stolons and rhizomes. “Erbavoglio system” allows to easily convert from a cool-season turf to a warm season turf. Transplanting can be performed both in tilled and untilled soil. This second option allows the site to be used immediately after planting, as the better soil carrying capacity is provided by untilled soil. The work yard for the conversion from a cool season turf to berdumagrass (Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers x transvaalensis Burtt-Davy) of the “Stadio Comunale Sant'Elia” placed in Cagliari, Italy, was assessed from the may 31st 2011 to June 1st 2011. The work yard was characterized by the following machines/operators: • a 41 kW 4WD tractor; • a common 4-row mechanical transplanter, which was adjusted to work in the untilled mowed football pitch and accommodates 4 back-seated operators (one per row, planting distance: 25 cm inter-row and 24 cm intra-row); • 4 walking operators who manually transplanted the plants in case of failure. The working speed of the tractor was about 0.7 km h-1, the theoretical working time about 15 h ha-1, the actual working time 28 h ha-1, thus the work efficiency was about 0.52. The fuel consumption was about 28 kg ha-1. The planting regularity of the transplanter was very low because of the stolons-net, which made very tough the work of the back-seated operators, who had to move the plants from polystyrene trays to the delivery device of the operative machine. This parameter improved considerably after the pass of manual transplanting. In this concern, an automatic transplanter was modified in order to work in untilled soil within a second specific trial.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/260938
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact