The purpose of this study was to examine the cytotoxicity and cardiotoxicity of new doxorubicin (DXR) derivatives, 3'-deamino-3'-(2-methoxy-4- morpholinyl)DXR (MRA-MT), and 4'-deoxy-4'-iodo-doxorubicin (IDXR), comparing them to doxorubicin (DXR). Both anthracycline derivatives were approximately 1.5- to 9-fold more active than DXR in inhibiting the colony-formation ability of DU145, HOS, and A2780 human cancer cell lines. Anesthetized rats given a single intravenous (i.v.) dose of DXR 10 mg/kg showed significant changes in both ECG (S alpha T segment and QRS complex widening) and hemodynamic parameters (impairment in systemic arterial dP/dtmax systolic and diastolic blood pressure), whereas animals that received MRA-MT (0.1 and 0.3 mg/kg) had no significant signs of acute cardiotoxicity. In this case the animals treated with IDXR 1.2 mg/kg showed alterations in the ECG as the animals treated with DXR. In the chronic cardiotoxicity study, some animals received MRA-MT (0.03 mg/kg i.v. once a week for 3 weeks) and others IDXR (4 mg/kg once a week for 3 weeks). They did not show any alteration in ECG and cardiac histological picture. By contrast, DXR (3 mg/kg i.v. once a week for 3 weeks) induced a severe cardiomyopathy, characterized by progressive widening of S alpha T segment, increase in T wave, and histological damage consisting of vacuolations and loss of myofibrils. These results suggest that MRA-MT and IDXR are more active in vitro and markedly less cardiotoxic in vivo than DXR.
|Autori interni:||DI PAOLO, ANTONELLO|
|Autori:||PINNA A; AGEN C; DI PAOLO A; INNOCENTI F; NARDINI D; DANESI R; DEL TACCA M|
|Titolo:||Dissociation between in vitro cytotoxicity and in vivo cardiotoxicity of two new anthracyclines: 3'-deamino-3'-(2-methoxy-4-morpholinyl)doxorubicin and 4'-deoxy-4'-iodo-doxorubicin|
|Anno del prodotto:||1994|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|