The aims of the present study were: 1) to compare the effect of two different chronic intermittent stressors i.e. cold-swimming versus ether, on the pituitary opioidergic system; 2) to evaluate the response of pituitary and plasma beta-endorphin (beta-EP) to an acute stress in chronically stressed rats; and 3) to evaluate the effect of acetyl-l-carnitine treatment (10 mg/day/rat per os at night) on pituitary and plasma beta-EP changes induced by two different types of chronic stress. The stressors were applied twice a day for 10 days. Rats were killed either before, during or after the last swimming or ether stress session. beta-EP was measured by radioimmunoassay in anterior pituitary and in neurointermediate lobe extracts and in plasma. The following observations were made: 1) Chronic intermittent cold-swimming stress increased anterior pituitary contents and plasma beta-EP levels; 2) both chronic intermittent cold-swimming stress and ether stress caused an increase of neurointermediate lobe beta-EP contents; 3) as in control animals, rats exposed to chronic intermittent swimming stress reduced pituitary beta-EP contents and raised plasma beta-EP levels in response to the last acute swimming stress; 4) in contrast to control animals, rats exposed to chronic intermittent ether stress did not show any significant response of the pituitary-plasma opioidergic system to the last acute ether session; 5) the acetyl-l-carnitine treatment counteracted the changes evoked by chronic intermittent cold-swimming stress on the pituitary and plasma beta-EP levels.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Acetyl-L-carnitine effect on pituitary and plasma beta-endorphin responsiveness to different chronic intermittent stressors.

GENAZZANI, ANDREA;
1993-01-01

Abstract

The aims of the present study were: 1) to compare the effect of two different chronic intermittent stressors i.e. cold-swimming versus ether, on the pituitary opioidergic system; 2) to evaluate the response of pituitary and plasma beta-endorphin (beta-EP) to an acute stress in chronically stressed rats; and 3) to evaluate the effect of acetyl-l-carnitine treatment (10 mg/day/rat per os at night) on pituitary and plasma beta-EP changes induced by two different types of chronic stress. The stressors were applied twice a day for 10 days. Rats were killed either before, during or after the last swimming or ether stress session. beta-EP was measured by radioimmunoassay in anterior pituitary and in neurointermediate lobe extracts and in plasma. The following observations were made: 1) Chronic intermittent cold-swimming stress increased anterior pituitary contents and plasma beta-EP levels; 2) both chronic intermittent cold-swimming stress and ether stress caused an increase of neurointermediate lobe beta-EP contents; 3) as in control animals, rats exposed to chronic intermittent swimming stress reduced pituitary beta-EP contents and raised plasma beta-EP levels in response to the last acute swimming stress; 4) in contrast to control animals, rats exposed to chronic intermittent ether stress did not show any significant response of the pituitary-plasma opioidergic system to the last acute ether session; 5) the acetyl-l-carnitine treatment counteracted the changes evoked by chronic intermittent cold-swimming stress on the pituitary and plasma beta-EP levels.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Bidzinska, B; Petraglia, F; Angioni, S; Genazzani, Andrea; Criscuolo, M; Ficarra, G; Gallinelli, A; Trentini, Gp; Genazzani, A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/26572
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