The HIRESPET Collaboration is developing a new concept of a gamma camera with sub-millimiter spatial resolution. The first prototype consists of a small field size gamma camera based on a Position Sensitive Photo-Multiplier Tube (PSPMT) coupled to a novel scintillation crystal, The intrinsic spatial resolution of the PSPMT is better than 0.3 mm. The scintillation crystal consists of yttrium aluminium perovskit (YAP:Ce), It has a light efficiency of about 40% relative to NaI, a good gamma radiation absorption (Z = 39) and a high density (5.37 g/cm(3)). It is inert and not hygroscopic. To match the PSPMT characteristics, a special crystal assembly has been made consisting of a bundle of YAP pillars, where a single crystal has the transversal dimension of 0.6 X 0.6 mm(2) and a thickness ranging between 1 mm and 28 mm. Each scintillation pillar is optically separated from the other by a reflective layer of 5 mu m thick. The preliminary results obtained from the gamma camera prototype (YAP camera) show spatial resolution values ranging between 0.6 mm and 1 mm and an intrinsic detection efficiency comparable with a standard Anger camera.
|Autori:||BARONE LH; BLAZEK K; BOLLINI D; DEL GUERRA A; DENOTARISTEFANI F; DEVINCENTIS G; DIDOMENICO G; GALLI M; GIGANTI M; MALY P; PANI R; PELLEGRINI R; PERGOLA A; PIFFANELLI A; SCOPINARO F; SOLURI A; VITTORI F|
|Titolo:||TOWARD A NUCLEAR-MEDICINE WITH SUB-MILLIMITER SPATIAL-RESOLUTION|
|Anno del prodotto:||1995|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/0168-9002(95)00100-X|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|