Abstract OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the efficacy of naltrexone administration in patients with hypothalamic amenorrhea correlates to the response to an acute naloxone test. DESIGN: Thirty patients with hypothalamic amenorrhea associated with weight loss were studied. After naloxone test (4 mg in bolus IV) patients were divided into two groups: group A, nonresponsive (n = 15) and group B, responsive (n = 15). Group A underwent two cycles of hormonal replacement therapy with E2 patches and medroxyprogesterone acetate. Then all patients were administered naltrexone at the dosage 50 mg/d orally for 6 months. A third group of 10 amenorrheic patients were treated with oral placebo with the same schedule. RESULTS: Plasma gonadal steroid levels increased in all patients and in 24 of 30 patients the menstrual bleeding occurred within 90 days from the beginning of treatment. After 6 months from naltrexone discontinuation, 18 of 24 patients still showed the occurrence of menstrual cycles. Luteinizing hormone plasma levels and LH pulse amplitude increased after 3 months of treatment and remained unchanged 6 months after naltrexone suspension. Plasma FSH levels did not show any change in any patient. The body mass index increased after 3 months in all patients who menstruated. Patients treated with placebo did not show any significant change in gonadotropins and gonadal steroid plasma levels. CONCLUSIONS: The present study supports the efficacy of naltrexone therapy for patients with hypothalamic amenorrhea either responsive or nonresponsive to naloxone test.
|Autori interni:||GENAZZANI, ANDREA|
|Autori:||Genazzani AD; Petraglia F; Gastaldi M; Volpogni C; Gamba O; Genazzani A|
|Titolo:||Naltrexone treatment restores menstrual cycles in patients with weight loss-related amenorrhea.|
|Anno del prodotto:||1995|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|