We assessed the effect of hyperglycemia on glucose uptake in the presence of normal basal insulin levels or somatostatin-induced hypoinsulinemia in seven normal volunteers during a 200-min hyperglycemic clamp (+ 9 mmol/l) carried out with [3-3H]glucose and indirect calorimetry. Hyperglycemia increased glucose uptake to 22.4 +/- 2.6 and 21.3 +/- 1.6 mumol.kg-1.min-1 with and without insulin replacement, respectively. Normoinsulinemia increased glucose oxidation (delta = + 4.5 +/- 0.6 mumol.kg-1.min-1) and nonoxidative glucose metabolism (delta = + 5.2 +/- 1.7 mumol.kg-1.min-1), whereas with insulinopenia, glucose oxidation did not change (delta = -0.3 +/- 0.6 mumol.kg-1.min-1), and nonoxidative glucose metabolism increased (delta = + 48.7 +/- 0.8 mumol.kg-1.min-1). Nonoxidative glucose metabolism was higher during insulinopenic (13.5 +/- 1.8 mumol.kg-1.min-1) than normoinsulinemic hyperglycemia (9.8 +/- 2.7 mumol.kg-1.min-1; P < 0.01). Plasma FFA concentration and lipid oxidation were higher with insulinopenia. Blood lactate and alanine concentrations were greater with normoinsulinemia. In conclusion: 1) hyperglycemia promotes glucose uptake by stimulating both nonoxidative and oxidative glucose disposal; 2) the ability of hyperglycemia to enhance total body glucose uptake is similar with and without normoinsulinemia; 3) although acute insulinopenia does not impair the ability of hyperglycemia to stimulate glucose uptake, it plays a critical role in determining the intracellular metabolic fate of glucose taken up in response to hyperglycemia.
|Autori interni:||DEL PRATO, STEFANO|
|Autori:||DEL PRATO S; RICCIO A.; VIGILI DE KREUTZENBERG S.; DORELLA M.; TIENGO A.; DE FRONZO R.A.|
|Titolo:||Basal plasma insulin level exert a qualitative but not a quantitative effect on glucose-mediated glucose metabolism|
|Anno del prodotto:||1995|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|