Two radiologists reviewed in masked fashion 144 standard chest radiographs, previously judged as normal by other readers, within a cohort of asymptomatic shipyard workers exposed to amosite. Among the 144 workers we selected subjects (n = 72) who fitted the folowing criteries: (1) documented occupational exposure to asbestos; (2) absence of any clinical symptomatology suggestive of asbestosis or of any other lung disease. Thirty-eight of them had standard chest radiographs that were confirmed as normal by both our radiologists, while 34 showed suspected pleural plaques or a very slight parenchymal involvement. These 72 subjects underwent high-resolution CT (HRCT): pleural plaques were shown in 33, parenchymal alterations in 7, and both pleural and parenchymal involvement in 13. HRCT findings were strictly correlated to the duration of amostite exposure. Sensitivity, specificity and diagnostic accuracy values of standard chest radiographs were calculated with respect to HRCT and found to be, for pleural and parenchymal findings respectively: sensitivity 53% and 19%; specificity 72% and 94%; accuracy 60% and 72%. In conclusion, pleural and/or plumonary involvement in asbestos-exposed workers can be shown by HRCT before the appearance of any symptomatology and abnormality on chest radiography. Furthermore the HRCT findings are correlated to the duration of exposure and latency time.
|Autori:||Falaschi F; Boraschi P; Neri S; Antonelli A; Rizzini D; Battolla L.|
|Titolo:||High resolution Computed Tomography (HRCT) in the detection of “early asbestosis”.|
|Anno del prodotto:||1995|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|