The effects of suramin, an inhibitor of growth factor mitogenic activity, were evaluated on basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF)-induced proliferation of bovine aortic endothelial cells and on angiogenesis in the chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) of chick embryos. The role of bFGF gene expression in endothelial cell growth was also investigated by using an antisense oligodeoxynucleotide to bFGF. The 4-fold increase in [3H]-thymidine uptake in endothelial cells in vitro upon stimulation with 10 ng ml-1 of bFGF was inhibited by suramin 300 micrograms ml-1. bFGF antisense oligomer (10 microM) reduced [3H]-thymidine incorporation in exponentially growing cells by 76%; this effect was reversed by bFGF 10 ng ml-1. In the CAM of chick embryos suramin 50 micrograms was a more potent inhibitor of angiogenesis than the combination of heparin 60 micrograms/hydrocortisone 50 micrograms; the mean value of the area with reduced vascularity was significantly larger in suramin-treated CAMs (2.4 cm2) than in heparin/hydrocortisone (0.6 cm2), while the reduction of vascular density was similar (- 35 and - 29% compared to controls, respectively), In conclusion, the effects of treatments with bFGF and bFGF antisense oligomer demonstrate that bFGF plays a relevant role in endothelial cell proliferation and may be the target of suramin since the drug is able to suppress basal and bFGF-induced endothelial cell growth; in addition to this, suramin is a more potent angiogenesis inhibitor in the CAM than the combination of heparin/hydrocortisone.
|Autori:||DANESI R; DEL BIANCHI S; SOLDANI P; CAMPAGNI A; LA ROCCA RV; MYERS CE; PAPARELLI A; DEL TACCA M|
|Titolo:||Suramin inhibits bFGF-induced endothelial cell proliferation and angiogenesis in the chick chorioallantoic membrane|
|Anno del prodotto:||1993|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1038/bjc.1993.457|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|