Ovine pulmonary carcinoma (OPC) is a contagious pulmonary neoplasia with a suspected retroviral etiology. The major core protein (P27) of the putative OPC virus cross-reacts with antibodies to P27 of the Mason-Pfizer monkey virus (MPMV), a type-D retrovirus, This serological reactivity serves as the only accepted biological marker for OPC, In order to make a useful reagent for the detection of the OPC marker for serodiagnosis and epidemiological studies, the MPMV-P27 coding region was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. Gel purified recombinant MPMV-P27 protein was used to develop an immunoassay, This recombinant enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was then used to screen 223 sera from US sheep and 176 sera from Italian sheep. In this study, we found: (1) a high prevalence of infection with the putative OPC retrovirus in sheep with chronic pneumonia; (2) a subclinical infection with OPC virus may be more common in US sheep than indicated by the rare recorded occurrence of pulmonary carcinoma; (3) an apparent association between ovine lentivirus (OLV) and OPC infection.

DEVELOPMENT AND APPLICATION OF AN ANTIBODY ELISA FOR THE MARKER PROTEIN OF OVINE PULMONARY-CARCINOMA

TOLARI, FRANCESCO
1995

Abstract

Ovine pulmonary carcinoma (OPC) is a contagious pulmonary neoplasia with a suspected retroviral etiology. The major core protein (P27) of the putative OPC virus cross-reacts with antibodies to P27 of the Mason-Pfizer monkey virus (MPMV), a type-D retrovirus, This serological reactivity serves as the only accepted biological marker for OPC, In order to make a useful reagent for the detection of the OPC marker for serodiagnosis and epidemiological studies, the MPMV-P27 coding region was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. Gel purified recombinant MPMV-P27 protein was used to develop an immunoassay, This recombinant enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was then used to screen 223 sera from US sheep and 176 sera from Italian sheep. In this study, we found: (1) a high prevalence of infection with the putative OPC retrovirus in sheep with chronic pneumonia; (2) a subclinical infection with OPC virus may be more common in US sheep than indicated by the rare recorded occurrence of pulmonary carcinoma; (3) an apparent association between ovine lentivirus (OLV) and OPC infection.
Kwang, J; Keen, J; Rosati, S; Tolari, Francesco
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/28334
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