OBJECTIVE: To investigate the possible association between Doppler left ventricular filling pattern and exercise capacity in a group of normotensives to severe hypertensive patients. BACKGROUND: Invasive left ventricular filling indexes evaluated at rest are reported to be related to exercise capacity in heart failure. Whether exercise capacity is limited by abnormalities of left ventricular filling also in other less severe conditions is however unclear. METHODS: Fifty-one subjects with normal to severely elevated blood pressure underwent a standard exercise test on cycle ergometer, negative for myocardial ischemia, and a complete echo Doppler evaluation showing a basal systolic function within normal limits. RESULTS: Basal systolic function indexes were not significantly related to exercise duration. On the contrary, exercise duration was highly significantly correlated to the relative atrial contribution to left ventricular filling (0.001 < P < 0.05), in both the overall group and the two subgroups in whom exercise was interrupted because of fatigue (n = 30) or because of attaining target heart rate (n = 21). Significant correlations were also observed between exercise time and resting blood pressure, whereas no association with resting heart rate, age and body surface area was found. Exercise time also correlated to left ventricular mass and mass index but not to left ventricular volume. Multiple regression analysis showed that exercise tolerance was significantly related to diastolic blood pressure and left ventricular filling. Echo Doppler indexes of left ventricular filling are associated with exercise duration; left ventricular diastole could thus influence effort tolerance, not only in patients with cardiac insufficiency, but also in subjects with normal to elevated blood pressure levels and normal systolic function at rest.
|Autori:||GENOVESI-EBERT A; MARABOTTI C; PALOMBO C; GIACONI S; ROSSI G; GHIONE S|
|Titolo:||Echo Doppler diastolic function and exercise tolerance|
|Anno del prodotto:||1994|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|