The effects of age on atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) metabolism were studied in male Sprague Dawley rats by standard radioimmunological procedures, transmission electron microscopy, and ultrastructural morphometry. Plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) levels increased during growth (1-month-old rats: 64 +/- 8.7 pg/mL; 2-month-old rats: 105 +/- 8.1 pg/mL) and did not change thereafter. Immunoreactive (ir)-ANP concentration increased significantly in senescent rats, both in the right (12-month-old rats: 254 +/- 33 ng/mg; 24 month-old: 415 +/- 77 ng/mg) and left atrium (226 +/- 30 and 498 +/- 60 respectively). The ultrastructural morphological features of the endocrine cardiocytes of senescent rats were the presence of a few lysosomal structures and atrial specific granules of higher electron-density. Ultrastructural morphometry studies did not reveal any significant increase in the number or in the mean individual volume of atrial specific granules, compared with young adult rats. In conclusion, unlike younger rats, morphometric data in older and senescent rats show that atrial granularity may not necessarily change together with atrial ir-ANP contents; ir-hormone assay findings show that senescent rats have ANP plasma levels within the norm, and a much larger hormone store in atrial tissue.
|Autori:||CAVALLINI G; CLERICO A; DEL CHICCA M.G; GORI Z; BERGAMINI E|
|Titolo:||Changes in endocrine atrial rat cardiocytes during growth and aging: an ultrastuctural, morphometric and endocrinological study|
|Anno del prodotto:||1994|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|