The T-helper (Th) cell epitopes in the glycoprotein (GP) of vesicular stomatitis virus serotype Indiana (VSV-IND) were analyzed with a complete panel of overlapping synthetic peptides. Three Th-cell epitopes in C57B/6 (H-2(b)) mice and two epitopes in BALB/c (H-2(d)) mice were defined by their ability to stimulate in vitro proliferation of virus-primed, CD8(+) T-cell-depleted spleen cells in a class II-restricted manner. A series of CD4(+), I-A(b)-restricted T-cell hybridomas from VSV-primed C57B/6 mice were characterized by their production of interleukin-2 and interleukin-3 upon stimulation with VSV-IND or purified VSV GP in vitro. Of nine hybridomas derived from three independent fusions five were specific for amino acids (aa) 415 to 433 (p8) of VSV-IND GP, three recognized aa 52 to 71 (p41), and one reacted against aa 316 to 335 (p17). Fluorocytometric analysis of Th hybridomas or VSV-stimulated T-cell lines with monoclonal antibodies specific for the T-cell receptor V beta chain did not reveal obvious correlations between the T-cell receptor V beta gene segment used and the epitope recognized. All three peptides recognized by 11-2(b) mice and both epitopes recognized by H-2(d) mice which were characterized in primed T-cell populations were capable of activating specific Th cells in vivo as measured by the induction of antibody class switch from immunoglobulin M (IgM) to IgG. Thus, the epitopes are relevant for VSV GP-specific Th response in vivo and are able to provide functional help for the production of anti-VSV-specific neutralizing IgG antibodies.
|Autori:||BURKHART C; FREER G; CASTRO R; ADORINI L; WIESMULLER KH; ZINKERNAGEL RM; HENGARTNER H|
|Titolo:||CHARACTERIZATION OF T-HELPER EPITOPES OF THE GLYCOPROTEIN OF VESICULAR STOMATITIS-VIRUS|
|Anno del prodotto:||1994|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|