This study was aimed at the modulation of poly(lactic acid) (PLA) properties by the addition of both a low-molecular-weight plasticizer, acetyl tributyl citrate (ATBC), and a biodegradable aliphatic–aromatic copolyester, poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT). PLA/PBAT, PLA/ATBC, and PLA/PBAT/ATBC mixtures with 10–35 wt % ATBC and/or PBAT were prepared in a discontinuous laboratory mixer, compression-molded, and characterized by thermal, morphological, and mechanical tests to evaluate the effect of the concentration of either the plasticizer or copolyester on the final material flexibility. Materials with modulable properties, Young’s modulus in the range 100–3000 MPa and elongation at break in the range 10–300%, were obtained. Moreover, thermal analysis showed a preferential solubilization of ATBC in the PBAT phase. Gas permeability tests were also performed to assess possible use in food packaging applications. The results are discussed with particular emphasis toward the effects of plasticization on physical blending in the determination of the phase morphology and final properties.

Poly(lactic acid) (PLA) properties as a consequence of poly(butylene adipate-co-terephtahlate) (PBAT) blending and acetyl tributyl citrate (ATBC) plasticization

COLTELLI, MARIA BEATRICE;BERTOLDO, MONICA;BRONCO, SIMONA;SIGNORI, FRANCESCA;CIARDELLI, FRANCESCO
2008

Abstract

This study was aimed at the modulation of poly(lactic acid) (PLA) properties by the addition of both a low-molecular-weight plasticizer, acetyl tributyl citrate (ATBC), and a biodegradable aliphatic–aromatic copolyester, poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT). PLA/PBAT, PLA/ATBC, and PLA/PBAT/ATBC mixtures with 10–35 wt % ATBC and/or PBAT were prepared in a discontinuous laboratory mixer, compression-molded, and characterized by thermal, morphological, and mechanical tests to evaluate the effect of the concentration of either the plasticizer or copolyester on the final material flexibility. Materials with modulable properties, Young’s modulus in the range 100–3000 MPa and elongation at break in the range 10–300%, were obtained. Moreover, thermal analysis showed a preferential solubilization of ATBC in the PBAT phase. Gas permeability tests were also performed to assess possible use in food packaging applications. The results are discussed with particular emphasis toward the effects of plasticization on physical blending in the determination of the phase morphology and final properties.
Coltelli, MARIA BEATRICE; DELLA MAGGIORE, I; Bertoldo, Monica; Bronco, Simona; Signori, Francesca; Ciardelli, Francesco
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/301390
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