The effect of two difunctional chain extenders, 1,6-diisocyanatohexane (NCO) and 1,4-butanediol diglycidyl ether (EPOX), in the reactive melt-processing of a post-consumer poly(ethylene terephthalate) (r-PET) was investigated. The torque evolution during processing in a batch mixer and the molecular weight of the chain-extended r-PET, as determined by SEC analysis, were comparatively evaluated. A simple mathematical model proposed here was used to fit the obtained molecular weights. Two polyfunctional chain extenders, poly(phenyl isocyanate-co-formaldehyde) (P-NCO) and a styrene-acrylate copolymer bearing epoxide groups (P-EPOX), were also used and their reactivity was compared with that of the difunctional ones by analysing torque and melt flow rate data. The different reactivity of the two functional groups and the structure of the final polymer (either linear or branched depending on the type of chain extender) affect both crystallization behaviour and tensile properties of the modified r-PET. Fine tuning of the latter properties by suitable chain extender(s) selection and formulation is anticipated.

Chain extension and branching of poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) with di- and multifunctional epoxy or isocyanate additives: an experimental and modelling study

COLTELLI, MARIA BEATRICE
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
CASTELVETRO, VALTER
Ultimo
Writing – Review & Editing
2012-01-01

Abstract

The effect of two difunctional chain extenders, 1,6-diisocyanatohexane (NCO) and 1,4-butanediol diglycidyl ether (EPOX), in the reactive melt-processing of a post-consumer poly(ethylene terephthalate) (r-PET) was investigated. The torque evolution during processing in a batch mixer and the molecular weight of the chain-extended r-PET, as determined by SEC analysis, were comparatively evaluated. A simple mathematical model proposed here was used to fit the obtained molecular weights. Two polyfunctional chain extenders, poly(phenyl isocyanate-co-formaldehyde) (P-NCO) and a styrene-acrylate copolymer bearing epoxide groups (P-EPOX), were also used and their reactivity was compared with that of the difunctional ones by analysing torque and melt flow rate data. The different reactivity of the two functional groups and the structure of the final polymer (either linear or branched depending on the type of chain extender) affect both crystallization behaviour and tensile properties of the modified r-PET. Fine tuning of the latter properties by suitable chain extender(s) selection and formulation is anticipated.
2012
Raffa, Patrizio; Coltelli, MARIA BEATRICE; Savi, Stefania; Bianchi, Sabrina; Castelvetro, Valter
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/301424
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