Iodine deficiency can be defined as the world’s greatest single cause of preventable brain damage. Fetal and neonatal hypothyroidism, caused by iodine deficiency can be prevented prior to conception and then during pregnancy and lactation when an adequate iodine supplementation is ensured. Extremely low birth weight preterm babies risk having a negative iodine balance status in the first weeks of life, exacerbating the hypothyroxinaemia of the prematurity. It is important to ensure that these babies are provided with an adequate iodine intake from the first days of life. Mothers and newborns should avoid environmental iodine excess during pregnancy or lactation.
|Autori:||Ghirri, Paolo; Lunardi, S; Boldrini, Antonio|
|Titolo:||Iodine Supplementation in the Newborn|
|Anno del prodotto:||2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.3390/nu6010382|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|