A model based on Lamb’s theory of gas lasers is applied to a He–Ne ring laser (RL) gyroscope to estimate and remove the laser dynamics contribution from the rotation measurements. The intensities of the counter-propagating laser beams exiting one cavity mirror are continuously observed together with a monitor of the laser population inversion. These observables, once properly calibrated with a dedicated procedure, allow us to estimate cold cavity and active medium parameters driving the main part of the non-linearities of the system. The quantitative estimation of intrinsic non-reciprocal effects due to cavity and active medium non-linear coupling plays a key role in testing fundamental symmetries of space–time with RLs. The parameter identification and noise subtraction procedure has been verified by means of a Monte Carlo study of the system, and experimentally tested on the G-PISA RL oriented with the normal to the ring plane almost parallel to the Earth’s rotation axis. In this configuration the Earth’s rotation rate provides the maximum Sagnac effect while the contribution of the orientation error is reduced to a minimum. After the subtraction of laser dynamics by a Kalman filter, the relative systematic errors of G-PISA reduce from 50 to 5 parts in 103 and can be attributed to the residual uncertainties on geometrical scale factor and orientation of the ring.
|Autori:||D Cuccato;A Beghi;J Belfi;N Beverini;A Ortolan;A Di Virgilio|
|Titolo:||Controlling the non-linear intracavity dynamics of large He?Ne laser gyroscopes|
|Anno del prodotto:||2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1088/0026-1394/51/1/97|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|