Fifty-five ischemic attacks at rest with ST segment elevation were recorded by two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE) in 20 patients with Prinzmetal angina. Eighteen ischemic attacks were recorded starting from intravenous injection of ergonovine maleate while 37 spontaneous ischemic attacks were recorded from onset of either anginal pain or ECG changes or from the basal state. In each ischemic attack at least one of the following transient alterations was observed by 2DE during ST elevation: (1) Regional hypokinesia, akinesia, or dyskinesia; (2) "step sign," that is, a sharp demarcation between an akinetic or dyskinetic area and an adjacent normal or hypercontracting region; and (3) geometric changes in left ventricular shape, that is, globular appearance in diastole and hourglass silhouette in systole. Regional myocardial asynergy was detected earlier than onset of pain (which was not present in 21 [38%] ischemic episodes) or ST segment elevation on ECG, as documented in 40 ischemic episodes (16 induced and 24 spontaneous) in which echocardiographic monitoring was performed from basal state and carried on up to the appearance of ischemia. All described mechanical changes were fully reversible after pain subsided and ST segment was back to isoelectric, either spontaneously or with nitrates; furthermore, a contractile "rebound phenomenon" of the previously ischemic wall was observed in some episodes. In conclusion, these results outline a role for 2DE in detecting cardiac mechanical impairment due to transient myocardial ischemia with ST segment elevation in humans.

Transient changes in left ventricular mechanics during attacks of Prinzmetal angina: a two-dimensional echocardiographic study.

PALOMBO, CARLO;
1984

Abstract

Fifty-five ischemic attacks at rest with ST segment elevation were recorded by two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE) in 20 patients with Prinzmetal angina. Eighteen ischemic attacks were recorded starting from intravenous injection of ergonovine maleate while 37 spontaneous ischemic attacks were recorded from onset of either anginal pain or ECG changes or from the basal state. In each ischemic attack at least one of the following transient alterations was observed by 2DE during ST elevation: (1) Regional hypokinesia, akinesia, or dyskinesia; (2) "step sign," that is, a sharp demarcation between an akinetic or dyskinetic area and an adjacent normal or hypercontracting region; and (3) geometric changes in left ventricular shape, that is, globular appearance in diastole and hourglass silhouette in systole. Regional myocardial asynergy was detected earlier than onset of pain (which was not present in 21 [38%] ischemic episodes) or ST segment elevation on ECG, as documented in 40 ischemic episodes (16 induced and 24 spontaneous) in which echocardiographic monitoring was performed from basal state and carried on up to the appearance of ischemia. All described mechanical changes were fully reversible after pain subsided and ST segment was back to isoelectric, either spontaneously or with nitrates; furthermore, a contractile "rebound phenomenon" of the previously ischemic wall was observed in some episodes. In conclusion, these results outline a role for 2DE in detecting cardiac mechanical impairment due to transient myocardial ischemia with ST segment elevation in humans.
Distante, A; Rovai, D; Picano, E; Moscarelli, E; Morales, Ma; Palombo, Carlo; L'Abbate, A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/3646
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