The development of epidermal cell lines in the first foliage leaf of Triticum durum was studied with a combined cytological and DNA cytophotometric analysis. It was shown that: (1) At emergence, the distal portion of the leaf is made of the cells pre-existing in the embryonic leaf and the mitotic activity is localized at the base of the leaf lamina (basal meristem). (2) The proliferating protoderm (outermost cell layer of the basal meristem) contains a meristematic cell population and a differentiating cell population. The cells produced by the protoderm differentiate with 2C, 4C, 8C, and 16 C nuclear DNA contents. (3) The endoreduplicated cells (EC) together with 4C cells form prominent cell rows in the leaf epidermis. The interstomatal cells (ISC) are all 2 C and the inter-hairs cells (IHC) are mostly 2 C (rare 4 C cells lie adjacent to the EC). (4) In the fully developed leaf, the frequency distribution of EC (8 C and 16 C) and 4C cells in a given epidermal segment (Fig. 1) corresponds to the frequency established in the epidermis differentiation zone (zone b, segment 1) at the time of development of that segment:e.g., segment 6 developed at 1-2 days after seed germination, segment 5 at 3 days after germination and so on. (5) Epidermal cell elongation starts in segment 1 and reachs its maximum in the older leaf segments, 5 and 6. The rate of cell elongation is independent of nuclear DNA content; chromosome endoreduplication precedes elongation. (6) The possibility of using epidermal cell parameters in studies on first leaf growth in T. durum is discussed.

DIPLOIDY AND CHROMOSOME ENDO-REDUPLICATION IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF EPIDERMAL-CELL LINES IN THE 1ST FOLIAGE LEAF OF DURUM-WHEAT (TRITICUM-DURUM DESF)

CAVALLINI, ANDREA;LERCARI, BARTOLOMEO;
1983

Abstract

The development of epidermal cell lines in the first foliage leaf of Triticum durum was studied with a combined cytological and DNA cytophotometric analysis. It was shown that: (1) At emergence, the distal portion of the leaf is made of the cells pre-existing in the embryonic leaf and the mitotic activity is localized at the base of the leaf lamina (basal meristem). (2) The proliferating protoderm (outermost cell layer of the basal meristem) contains a meristematic cell population and a differentiating cell population. The cells produced by the protoderm differentiate with 2C, 4C, 8C, and 16 C nuclear DNA contents. (3) The endoreduplicated cells (EC) together with 4C cells form prominent cell rows in the leaf epidermis. The interstomatal cells (ISC) are all 2 C and the inter-hairs cells (IHC) are mostly 2 C (rare 4 C cells lie adjacent to the EC). (4) In the fully developed leaf, the frequency distribution of EC (8 C and 16 C) and 4C cells in a given epidermal segment (Fig. 1) corresponds to the frequency established in the epidermis differentiation zone (zone b, segment 1) at the time of development of that segment:e.g., segment 6 developed at 1-2 days after seed germination, segment 5 at 3 days after germination and so on. (5) Epidermal cell elongation starts in segment 1 and reachs its maximum in the older leaf segments, 5 and 6. The rate of cell elongation is independent of nuclear DNA content; chromosome endoreduplication precedes elongation. (6) The possibility of using epidermal cell parameters in studies on first leaf growth in T. durum is discussed.
Cionini, Pg; Cavallini, Andrea; Baroncelli, S; Lercari, Bartolomeo; Damato, F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/3891
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