Background: Post-traumatic StressDisorder(PTSD)hasdemonstratedgender-specific prevalenceand expressionsacrossthedifferentDSMdefinitions, sinceits first introductioninDSM-III.TheDSM-5 recentlyintroducedimportantrevisionstoPTSDsymptomatologicalcriteria.Aimofthepresentstudyis to explorewhethergendermoderatesratesofDSM-5PTSDexpressioninanon-clinicalsampleof survivorstoamassiveearthquakeinItaly. Methods: 512survivorsoftheL'Aquila2009earthquake,previouslyinvestigatedforthepresence DSM-IV-TRPTSD,werereassessedaccordingtoDSM-5criteriainordertoexploregenderdifferences. All subjectscompletedtheTraumaandLossSpectrum-SelfReport(TALS-SR). Results: Femalesshowedsignificantly higherDSM-5PTSDratesandratesofendorsementofalmostall DSM-5 PTSDcriteria.Significant genderdifferencesemergedinalmosthalfofPTSDsymptomatological criteria withwomenreportinghigherratesin8ofthem,whilemeninonlyone(anewsymptominDSM- 5: recklessorself-destructivebehavior). ConsideringtheimpactofthethreenewDSM-5symptomsonthe diagnosis, significant genderdifferencesemergedwiththesebeingcrucialinalmosthalfofthePTSD diagnoses inmalesbutinaboutone-fourthinfemales.ByusingROCcurves,DSM-5criteriaEandD showedthehighestAUCvaluesinmales(.876)andfemales(.837),respectively. Limitations: The useofself-reportinstrument;noinformationoncomorbidity;homogeneityofstudy sample; lackofassessmentonfunctionalimpairment. Conclusions: This studyprovidesacontributiontotheongoingneedforreassessmentonhowgender moderatesratesofexpressionofparticulardisorderssuchasPTSD.

Gender differences in DSM-5 versus DSM-IV-TR PTSD prevalence and criteria comparison among 512 survivors to the L׳Aquila earthquake

CARMASSI, CLAUDIA;MASSIMETTI, GABRIELE;L. Dell׳Osso
2014

Abstract

Background: Post-traumatic StressDisorder(PTSD)hasdemonstratedgender-specific prevalenceand expressionsacrossthedifferentDSMdefinitions, sinceits first introductioninDSM-III.TheDSM-5 recentlyintroducedimportantrevisionstoPTSDsymptomatologicalcriteria.Aimofthepresentstudyis to explorewhethergendermoderatesratesofDSM-5PTSDexpressioninanon-clinicalsampleof survivorstoamassiveearthquakeinItaly. Methods: 512survivorsoftheL'Aquila2009earthquake,previouslyinvestigatedforthepresence DSM-IV-TRPTSD,werereassessedaccordingtoDSM-5criteriainordertoexploregenderdifferences. All subjectscompletedtheTraumaandLossSpectrum-SelfReport(TALS-SR). Results: Femalesshowedsignificantly higherDSM-5PTSDratesandratesofendorsementofalmostall DSM-5 PTSDcriteria.Significant genderdifferencesemergedinalmosthalfofPTSDsymptomatological criteria withwomenreportinghigherratesin8ofthem,whilemeninonlyone(anewsymptominDSM- 5: recklessorself-destructivebehavior). ConsideringtheimpactofthethreenewDSM-5symptomsonthe diagnosis, significant genderdifferencesemergedwiththesebeingcrucialinalmosthalfofthePTSD diagnoses inmalesbutinaboutone-fourthinfemales.ByusingROCcurves,DSM-5criteriaEandD showedthehighestAUCvaluesinmales(.876)andfemales(.837),respectively. Limitations: The useofself-reportinstrument;noinformationoncomorbidity;homogeneityofstudy sample; lackofassessmentonfunctionalimpairment. Conclusions: This studyprovidesacontributiontotheongoingneedforreassessmentonhowgender moderatesratesofexpressionofparticulardisorderssuchasPTSD.
Carmassi, Claudia; H. S., Akiskal; D., Bessonov; Massimetti, Gabriele; E., Calderani; P., Stratta; A., Rossi; Dell׳osso, L.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/395467
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