Six attacks of variant angina (2 spontaneous, 4 induced by ergonovine) were studied in 6 patients by combined echocardiographic and hemodynamic monitoring. A decrease of percent systolic thickening of the ischemic wall, which occurred as early as the decrease in peak dP/dt of contraction, was detected before the onset of ST-segment elevation ("pre-electrocardiographic phase"). At this stage, no significant change in left ventricular (LV) end-diastolic pressure or end-diastolic diameter was observed. Subsequently, in the presence of clear-cut ST-segment elevation ("electrocardiographic phase"), percent systolic thickening (an index of regional function) reached its nadir, while dP/dt of contraction (an index of global function) was almost back to preischemic values. In this phase, a significant increase in LV end-diastolic diameter and end-diastolic pressure could be also detected. In the recovery phase, when the ST segment had returned to the isoelectric line ("post-electrocardiographic phase"), percent systolic thickening and dP/dt of contraction showed supernormal values, while LV end-diastolic pressure and end-diastolic diameter decreased below basal values. Thus, echocardiographic signs of impairment in LV mechanics are as early and sensitive as hemodynamic indexes during attacks of variant angina. Furthermore, information on morphologic characteristics and regional LV function, not available with hemodynamic monitoring, can be obtained by echocardiography.
|Autori:||Distante A; Picano E; Moscarelli E; Palombo C; Benassi A; L'Abbate A.|
|Titolo:||Echocardiographic versus hemodynamic monitoring during attacks of variant angina pectoris.|
|Anno del prodotto:||1985|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|