In patients with Prinzmetal's angina, episodes of transient T wave abnormalities (T abn) are often documented in addition to the typical episodes of ST segment elevation (ST). As the interpretation of these minor ECG changes is still uncertain, we investigated if transient T abn are associated with reversible ventricular asynergies, similar to episodes with ST. For this purpose an ECG lead and a two-dimensional echocardiographic projection, which showed clear-cut changes during previous episodes of ST, were simultaneously monitored in five patients with Prinzmetal's angina for a total of 13 hours and 20 minutes. In all patients, the 30 episodes of ST recorded were all accompanied by reversible ventricular asynergies. Furthermore, in four of these patients, 14 episodes of T abn (peaking, flattening, or the appearance of a diphasic T wave) were recorded. All T abn were associated with reversible asynergies, as detected by three independent observers. The mechanical impairment occurred in the same ventricular wall both during ST and during T abn. During T abn the degree of mechanical impairment appeared less severe (hypokinesia in 12 and akinesia in two episodes) than during ST (hypokinesia in one, akinesia in 25, and dyskinesia in four episodes) (p less than 0.001). The duration of asynergies was less during T abn (107 +/- 76 seconds) than during ST (169 +/- 83 seconds) (p less than 0.05). Chest pain was reported in 5 of 14 episodes of T abn (36%) and in 20 of 30 (66%) episodes of ST (p less than 0.05).

Transient myocardial ischemia with minimal electrocardiographic changes: an echocardiographic study in patients with Prinzmetal's angina.

PALOMBO, CARLO;
1985

Abstract

In patients with Prinzmetal's angina, episodes of transient T wave abnormalities (T abn) are often documented in addition to the typical episodes of ST segment elevation (ST). As the interpretation of these minor ECG changes is still uncertain, we investigated if transient T abn are associated with reversible ventricular asynergies, similar to episodes with ST. For this purpose an ECG lead and a two-dimensional echocardiographic projection, which showed clear-cut changes during previous episodes of ST, were simultaneously monitored in five patients with Prinzmetal's angina for a total of 13 hours and 20 minutes. In all patients, the 30 episodes of ST recorded were all accompanied by reversible ventricular asynergies. Furthermore, in four of these patients, 14 episodes of T abn (peaking, flattening, or the appearance of a diphasic T wave) were recorded. All T abn were associated with reversible asynergies, as detected by three independent observers. The mechanical impairment occurred in the same ventricular wall both during ST and during T abn. During T abn the degree of mechanical impairment appeared less severe (hypokinesia in 12 and akinesia in two episodes) than during ST (hypokinesia in one, akinesia in 25, and dyskinesia in four episodes) (p less than 0.001). The duration of asynergies was less during T abn (107 +/- 76 seconds) than during ST (169 +/- 83 seconds) (p less than 0.05). Chest pain was reported in 5 of 14 episodes of T abn (36%) and in 20 of 30 (66%) episodes of ST (p less than 0.05).
Rovai, D; Distante, A; Moscarelli, E; Morales, Ma; Picano, E; Palombo, Carlo; L'Abbate, A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/4079
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