Radical copolymerisation of divinylbenzene and a properly modified enantiomerically pure imidazolidinone inside a stainless steel column in the presence of dodecanol and toluene as porogens afforded the first example of a chiral organocatalyst immobilized onto a monolithic reactor. Organocatalyzed cycloadditions between cyclopentadiene and cinnamic aldehyde were performed under continuous-flow conditions; by optimizing the experimental set up, excellent enantioselectivities (90% ee at 25 [degree]C) and high productivities (higher than 330) were obtained, thus showing that a catalytic reactor may work efficiently to continuously produce enantiomerically enriched compounds. The same catalytic reactor was also employed to carry out three different stereoselective transformations in continuo, sequentially, inside the chiral column (Diels-Alder, 1,3-dipolar nitrone-olefin cycloaddition, and Friedel-Crafts alkylation); excellent results were obtained in the case of the former two reactions (up to 99% yield, 93% ee and 71% yield, 90% ee, at 25 [degree]C, respectively). In addition to simplify the product recovery, the monolithic reactor performed better than the same supported organocatalyst in a stirred flask and could be kept working continuously for more than 8 days.
|Autori:||Chiroli V.; Benaglia M.; Puglisi A.; Porta R.; Jumde R. P.; Mandoli A.|
|Titolo:||A chiral organocatalytic polymer-based monolithic reactor|
|Anno del prodotto:||2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1039/C4GC00031E|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|