Simulating organizational processes characterized by interacting human activities, resources, business rules and constraints, is a challenging task, because of the inherent uncertainty, inaccuracy, variability and dynamicity. With regard to this problem, currently available business process simulation (BPS) methods and tools are unable to efficiently capture the process behavior along its lifecycle. In this paper, a novel approach of BPS is presented. To build and manage simulation models according to the proposed approach, a simulation system is designed, developed and tested on pilot scenarios, as well as on real-world processes. The proposed approach exploits interval-valued data to represent model parameters, in place of conventional single-valued or probability-valued parameters. Indeed, an interval-valued parameter is comprehensive; it is the easiest to understand and express and the simplest to process, among multi-valued representations. In order to compute the interval-valued output of the system, a genetic algorithm is used. The resulting process model allows forming mappings at different levels of detail and, therefore, at different model resolutions. The system has been developed as an extension of a publicly available simulation engine, based on the Business Process Model and Notation (BPMN) standard.
|Autori:||Cimino, MARIO GIOVANNI COSIMO ANTONIO; Vaglini, Gigliola|
|Titolo:||An Interval-Valued Approach to Business Process Simulation Based on Genetic Algorithms and the BPMN|
|Anno del prodotto:||2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.3390/info5020319|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|