In the adult rabbit, rat and cat retina, parvalbumin PV. immunoreactivity is primarily localized to a population of narrow-field, bistratified amacrine cells, the AII amacrine cells–major interneurons of the rod pathway. This investigation examines the postnatal development of PV immunoreactivity in order to better understand the ontogeny of the AII amacrine cell population and the formation of the rod pathway. Rabbit retinas at various postnatal ages were processed for immunohistochemistry using a monoclonal antibody directed to PV and analyzed morphometrically. On the day of birth, PV immunoreactive cell bodies are numerous in the proximal inner nuclear layer INL. in all retinal regions. These cells have a primary process directed towards the inner plexiform layer IPL.. At postnatal day PND. 2, a few faint immunoreactive processes are observed in the IPL. At PND 4, well-stained processes are observed to ramify mainly in the proximal IPL. At PND 6, strongly immunoreactive processes are present in both the distal and proximal IPL, and at PND 10 they form a continuous, dense plexus in both levels of the IPL. By PND 10, the morphology of PV immunoreactive cells is similar to PV immunoreactive cells in adult retinas. The density of PV immunoreactive cells in the proximal INL increases from PND 2 to PND 5, then it gradually decreases to adult values, while the total number of PV immunoreactive cell bodies increases until PND 10. PV immunoreactive amacrine cells at PND 2, as in the adult, are nonrandomly distributed across the retinal surface. These studies show that PV immunoreactive amacrine cells have a developmental profile that is similar to several other amacrine cell types. This includes the elaboration of processes in the IPL during the first postnatal week and a mature appearance towards the end of the second week of life, about the time of eye opening. These observations indicate that the AII amacrine cell may participate in the processing of visual information at eye opening.
|Autori:||CASINI G; RICKMAN D.W.; TRASARTI L.; BRECHA N.C.|
|Titolo:||Postnatal development of parvalbumin-immunoreactive amacrine cells in the rabbit retina|
|Anno del prodotto:||1998|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0165-3806(98)00127-8|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|