A survey of 30,907 slaughterhouse cattle (5,984 calves, 15,937 young adult, 8,986 cows) was carried out to determine the incidence of blood and serous cysts on atrioventricular valves. The cysts were classified by their content (blood/serous fluid), location (mitral/tricuspid valve), and size. Cyst wall samples were processed for histology, immunohistochemistry for factor VIII-related antigen, and transmission electron microscopy. The content of some cysts was studied by electrophoresis and biochemical and microbiologic methods. Older cows had a higher incidence (16.2%) than younger animals (11.5% in calves, 7.9% in steers, 6.4% in heifers), suggesting that the lesions may be acquired. Blood cysts were often present on both atrioventricular valves; serous cysts prevailed on the mitral valve. Cysts of both types were larger in older animals; serous cysts were larger than the blood cysts. Histologically, blood cysts contained fresh blood, and serous cysts were filled with a hyaline fluid devoid of cells, sterile, and biochemically similar to lymph. All the cysts were lined with endothelium, but a positive immunostaining for the factor VIII-related antigen was appreciable only in blood cysts. Ultrastructurally, the endothelium was composed of flat endothelial cells holding several cytoplasmic filaments, lying in blood cysts on a continuous and often laminated basal lamina with many cytoplasmic projections. The results support the hypothesis that cysts of the atrioventricular valves derive from the dilation of blood and lymphatic valvular vessels, do not regress with age, and are mainly the result of mechanical effects.
|Autori:||Marcato P S; Benazzi C; Bettini G; Masi M; Della Salda L; Sarli G; Vecchi G; Poli A|
|Titolo:||Blood and serous cysts in the atrioventricular valves of the bovine heart|
|Anno del prodotto:||1996|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|