BACKGROUND: To investigate the effects of dipyridamole, a drug with phosphodiesterase-, adenosine reuptake-inhibiting, and prostacyclin-stimulating activity on the biological actions of nitric oxide, 30 norepinephrine-precontracted subcutaneous arterioles were prepared from specimens removed during surgery. METHODS AND RESULTS: Specimens were mounted on a myograph and relaxes through either acetylcholine, a muscarinic agonist that stimulates endothelial nitric oxide production, or sodium nitroprusside, an endothelium-independent vasodilator. Studies were performed under control conditions and after dipyridamole which potentiated in a concentration-dependent manner the vasorelaxation induced both by acetylcholine and sodium nitroprusside, indicating an endothelium-independent mechanism of action. The contribution of nitric oxide to the relaxation produced by acetylcholine was confirmed by N-monomethyl-L-arginine, a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor. In contrast, indomethacin, a cyclo-oxygenase inhibitor, was ineffective, indicating that prostacyclin stimulation could not explain the effect of dipyridamole. CGS 21680 C, an A(2)-selective adenosine receptor agonist insensitive to tissue deaminase, did not influence the relaxations induced by acetylcholine, suggesting that interference with adenosine metabolism was not implicated in the potentiating action of dipyridamole. CONCLUSIONS: Dipyridamole potentiated the vasorelaxing effect of acetylcholine and sodium nitroprusside in human subcutaneous arterioles; neither prostacyclin stimulation nor A(2) adenosine receptor stimulation could explain this effect. The data are consistent with an increase in intracellular cyclic 3' 5'-guanosine monophosphate levels secondary to the phosphodiesterase-inhibiting properties of the drug

Dipyridamole Potentiates the Endothelium-Dependent and -Independent Vasomotion in Isolated Human Small Arteries.

PEDRINELLI, ROBERTO
1996

Abstract

BACKGROUND: To investigate the effects of dipyridamole, a drug with phosphodiesterase-, adenosine reuptake-inhibiting, and prostacyclin-stimulating activity on the biological actions of nitric oxide, 30 norepinephrine-precontracted subcutaneous arterioles were prepared from specimens removed during surgery. METHODS AND RESULTS: Specimens were mounted on a myograph and relaxes through either acetylcholine, a muscarinic agonist that stimulates endothelial nitric oxide production, or sodium nitroprusside, an endothelium-independent vasodilator. Studies were performed under control conditions and after dipyridamole which potentiated in a concentration-dependent manner the vasorelaxation induced both by acetylcholine and sodium nitroprusside, indicating an endothelium-independent mechanism of action. The contribution of nitric oxide to the relaxation produced by acetylcholine was confirmed by N-monomethyl-L-arginine, a nitric oxide synthase inhibitor. In contrast, indomethacin, a cyclo-oxygenase inhibitor, was ineffective, indicating that prostacyclin stimulation could not explain the effect of dipyridamole. CGS 21680 C, an A(2)-selective adenosine receptor agonist insensitive to tissue deaminase, did not influence the relaxations induced by acetylcholine, suggesting that interference with adenosine metabolism was not implicated in the potentiating action of dipyridamole. CONCLUSIONS: Dipyridamole potentiated the vasorelaxing effect of acetylcholine and sodium nitroprusside in human subcutaneous arterioles; neither prostacyclin stimulation nor A(2) adenosine receptor stimulation could explain this effect. The data are consistent with an increase in intracellular cyclic 3' 5'-guanosine monophosphate levels secondary to the phosphodiesterase-inhibiting properties of the drug
Pedrinelli, Roberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/45709
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