The aim of this work was to test whether calcium channel blockers interfere with skin vasoconstrictor reflexes that minimize postural increases in capillary pressure and avoid fluid extravasation and eventually subcutaneous edema. Studies were conducted in 23 untreated mild to moderate essential hypertensives; drugs, either calcium channel blockers or not, were given for 2 weeks according to a crossover, sequence-randomized design. Skin blood flow was measured by laser Doppler flowmetry in two skin areas: (1) the dorsum of the foot, where arteriovenous anastomoses are poorly represented, and (2) the plantar surface of the great toe, where those anastomoses are predominant. Determinations were obtained both with the foot at heart level and with it placed passively 50 cm below the heart level; percent flow changes from the horizontal to the dependent position were the measure of postural vasoconstriction. Two dihydropyridine derivatives, amlodipine (10 mg UID) and nifedipine (60 mg UID), and verapamil (240 mg BID), a chemically unrelated compound, diminished to similar extents the postural fall in skin blood flow at the dorsum of the foot. Blockade of alpha1-adrenergic and AT-1 subtype angiotensin II receptors by doxazosin (4 mg UID) and losartan (50 mg UID), respectively, exerted no effect. Postural skin blood flow responses at the plantar surface of the great toe were unmodified during the pharmacological trials. Thus, calcium channel blockers of different chemical origins antagonized postural skin vasoconstriction at the dorsum of the foot. The data indicate altered postural capillary blood flow regulation, since arteriovenous anastomoses are anatomically absent at this site; the effect was independent of either alpha1-adrenoceptor or angiotensin II receptor antagonism. Interference with skin postural vasoconstrictor mechanisms may result in net filtration of fluid to the extravascular compartment. This mechanism might explain the as yet unknown pathogenesis of ankle edema during treatment with calcium antagonists.
|Autori:||Iabichella ML; Dell'Omo G; Melillo E; Pedrinelli R|
|Titolo:||Calcium channel blockers blunt postural cutaneous vasoconstriction in hypertensive patients|
|Anno del prodotto:||1997|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|