The in vitro Viability of canine spermatozoa was evaluated after freezing-thawing using the Andersen method, and the commercial CLONE method. These methods differ in the extenders used, number of dilution steps, and equilibration times as well as in both freezing and thawing techniques and rates. Insemination with semen frozen-thawed by either method gives high whelping rates in practice, implying that dog spermatozoa can retain their fertilizing ability after being subjected to widely different preservation methods. The in vitro viability of spermatozoa processed by these methods has not been previously evaluated in detail. Three ejaculates were collected from each of 5 fertile dogs. Each ejaculate was divided into 2 parts and frozen in medium straws according to the 2 methods. Two straws were thawed and examined from each freezing batch. Sperm motility was assessed in the undiluted semen, and in frozen-thawed semen immediately after thawing, and after storage for 3, 6 and 24 h at room temperature (Straw 1) or 1, 2 and 3 h at 37 degrees C (Straw 2, thermoresistance test). The integrity of the sperm plasma membrane was evaluated in undiluted, in equilibrated (diluted and chilled), and in frozen-thawed spermatozoa using fluorophore probes. The acrosome morphology of frozen-thawed spermatozoa was assessed using a commercial stain (Spermac(R)). Motility immediately after thawing was significantly higher with the CLONE method (75.3% [SD=4.0] for Straw 1 and 73.7% [SD=3.2] for Straw 2) than with the Andersen method (70.0% [SD=5.1] and 69.7% [SD=3.2]). Motility decreased during storage after thawing. Spermatozoa frozen-thawed using the CLONE method showed a significantly lower thermoresistance. The proportion of spermatozoa with intact plasma membrane was not affected by the equilibration procedure used with either method but was significantly decreased (P<0.001) after thawing with both methods. The percentage of spermatozoa exhibiting changes thought to represent different stages of acrosomal degradation, was 45.7% (SD=5.3) using the Andersen method and 44.1% (SD=9.2) using the CLONE method. Both cryopreservation methods thus resulted in high initial post-thaw sperm motility and membrane integrity but low thermoresistance, and under both methods a large proportion of sperm cells were undergoing acrosomal degradation. The methods differed significantly in terms of their effect on sperm motility but not on plasma membrane integrity or acrosomal morphology. (C) 1997 by Elsevier Science Inc.
|Autori:||Strom B; Rota A; LindeForsberg C|
|Titolo:||In vitro characteristics of canine spermatozoa subjected to two methods of cryopreservation|
|Anno del prodotto:||1997|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/S0093-691X(97)84072-1|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|