Early characterization of patients with respect to their predicted response to treatment is a fundamental step towards the delivery of effective, personalized care. Starting from the results of a time-to-event model with competing risks using the framework of partial logistic artificial neural networks with automatic relevance determination (PLANNCR-ARD), we discuss an effective semi-supervised approach to patient stratification with application to Acute Myeloid Leukaemia (AML) data (n = 509) acquired prospectively by the GIMEMA consortium. Multiple prognostic indices provided by the survival model are exploited to build a metric based on the Fisher information matrix. Cluster number estimation is then performed in the Fisher-induced affine space, yielding to the discovery of a stratification of the patients into groups characterized by significantly different mortality risks following induction therapy in AML. The proposed model is shown to be able to cluster the input data, while promoting specificity of both target outcomes, namely Complete Remission (CR) and Induction Death (ID). This generic clustering methodology generates an affine transformation of the data space that is coherent with the prognostic information predicted by the PLANNCR-ARD model.
|Titolo:||Patient stratification with competing risks by multivariate Fisher distance|
|Anno del prodotto:||2009|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||4.1 Contributo in Atti di convegno|