Recently, Hamamatsu has developed a new dynode structure in a position-sensitive photomultiplier tube (PSPMT) based on metal channel technology, producing a very focused charge distribution. Hamamatsu R5900-C8 is the first metal channel dynode PSPMT with a crossed wire anode. The outline dimension is 28 x 28 x 20 mm(3) with an active area of 21 x 22 mm(2) and four wire anodes (4X + 4Y). A weighted summing device was realised to calculate the charge distribution centroid where each anode was directly connected to a preamplifier and amplifier. Tests of position linearity, energy response and spatial resolution were carried out coupling the PSPMT to an NaI(Tl) planar crystal and to a YAP:Ce scintillation array. To test the influence of charge spread on position linearity, the photocathode was irradiated by a light spot with 1 mm of aperture size. Position non-linearity resulted when a scintillating array with 1 x 1 mm(2) pixel size was coupled to PSPMT. On the contrary, increasing the spread of charge distribution by a planar scintillation crystal, a good linearity response was obtained. Impressive spatial resolution values were obtained from the YAP:Ce scintillating array. They ranged between 0.5 and 0.2 mm irradiating the crystals by Co-57 and Cs-137 source, respectively.

New generation position-sensitive PMT for nuclear medicine imaging

DEL GUERRA, ALBERTO;
1997

Abstract

Recently, Hamamatsu has developed a new dynode structure in a position-sensitive photomultiplier tube (PSPMT) based on metal channel technology, producing a very focused charge distribution. Hamamatsu R5900-C8 is the first metal channel dynode PSPMT with a crossed wire anode. The outline dimension is 28 x 28 x 20 mm(3) with an active area of 21 x 22 mm(2) and four wire anodes (4X + 4Y). A weighted summing device was realised to calculate the charge distribution centroid where each anode was directly connected to a preamplifier and amplifier. Tests of position linearity, energy response and spatial resolution were carried out coupling the PSPMT to an NaI(Tl) planar crystal and to a YAP:Ce scintillation array. To test the influence of charge spread on position linearity, the photocathode was irradiated by a light spot with 1 mm of aperture size. Position non-linearity resulted when a scintillating array with 1 x 1 mm(2) pixel size was coupled to PSPMT. On the contrary, increasing the spread of charge distribution by a planar scintillation crystal, a good linearity response was obtained. Impressive spatial resolution values were obtained from the YAP:Ce scintillating array. They ranged between 0.5 and 0.2 mm irradiating the crystals by Co-57 and Cs-137 source, respectively.
Pani, R; Pergola, A; Pellegrini, R; Soluri, A; Devincentis, G; Filippi, S; Didomenico, G; DEL GUERRA, Alberto; Scopinaro, F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/46673
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