We analyze the spatially inhomogeneous dynamic behaviour of a +pi/2 twisted NLC layer in a magnetic field. When a magnetic field H is applied in the layer plane at a suitable angle beta with respect to the easy axis on the first surface, the relaxation toward the equilibrium texture occurs through a slow decay of unstable textures. For some values of beta and H, the relaxation of the unstable texture is strongly inhomogeneous and spatial domains occur everywhere. In this special case, a very rich dynamical behaviour is observed together with the appearance of domains corresponding to unstable, metastable, and stable textures coupled with line defects and walls. We have studied and modelled the form and the properties of the different domains and interfaces, the velocities of the defect lines and the inhomogeneous-homogeneous character of the unstable texture relaxation. The static and dynamic features of the observed domains are in satisfactory agreement with the theoretical predictions.
|Autori:||Carlotti L; Faetti S; Nobili M|
|Titolo:||Pattern formation in a twisted nematic liquid crystal cell under an external magnetic field|
|Anno del prodotto:||1996|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|