For a deeper knowledge of phenomena at cell and tissue level, for understanding the role on bimolecular signalling and for the development of new drugs it is important to recreate in vitro environments that mimic the physiological one. Spatial gradients of soluble species guide the cells' morphogenesis, and they range in a three-dimensional (3D) environment. Gradients of mechanical properties, which have a 3D pattern, could lead cell migration and differentiation. In this work, a new 3D Concentration Gradient Maker able to generate 3D concentration gradients of soluble species was developed, which could be used for differential perfusion of scaffolds. The same device can be applied to build hydrogel matrixes with a 3D gradient of mechanical properties. Computational dynamic fluid analysis was used to develop the gradient generator; the validation of the 3D gradient of stiffness was carried out using finite elements analysis and experimental studies. The device and its application could bring improvements in studying phenomena related to cell chemotaxis and mechanotaxis, but also to differentiation in the simultaneous presence of gradients in both soluble chemical species and substrate stiffness. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
|Autori:||Orsi G; Fagnano M; De Maria C; Montemurro F; Vozzi G|
|Titolo:||A new 3D concentration gradient maker and its application in building hydrogels with a 3D stiffness gradient|
|Anno del prodotto:||2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1002/term.1908|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|