One of the most important problems affecting geothermal fields is the abatement of hydrogen chloride contained in the vapor phase. If the chloride concentration exceeds a few ppmw, steam scrubbing must be provided in order to prevent corrosion of the gathering system and turbine failure. In some fields at Larderello, one of the most important geothermal areas in Italy, steam scrubbing is performed by injecting a caustic solution directly into the steam pipeline. In particular, the abatement system depends on absorption with chemical reaction of hydrogen chloride by a sodium hydroxide solution. This paper describes some of the Larderello power plant abatement systems and presents analyses of the different solutions adopted for this purpose. Finally, some simplified models for computing abatement efficiency in sprays, pipelines, static mixers, cyclones and vane type demisters—the equipment generally used in these plants—are proposed. The proposed models are able to predict the data measured in these power plants with good accuracy, and so they can be regarded as useful tools for designing new abatement systems or optimizing the existing ones.

A simple method to compute hydrogen chloride abatement in geothermal power plants

BRUNAZZI, ELISABETTA;
1996

Abstract

One of the most important problems affecting geothermal fields is the abatement of hydrogen chloride contained in the vapor phase. If the chloride concentration exceeds a few ppmw, steam scrubbing must be provided in order to prevent corrosion of the gathering system and turbine failure. In some fields at Larderello, one of the most important geothermal areas in Italy, steam scrubbing is performed by injecting a caustic solution directly into the steam pipeline. In particular, the abatement system depends on absorption with chemical reaction of hydrogen chloride by a sodium hydroxide solution. This paper describes some of the Larderello power plant abatement systems and presents analyses of the different solutions adopted for this purpose. Finally, some simplified models for computing abatement efficiency in sprays, pipelines, static mixers, cyclones and vane type demisters—the equipment generally used in these plants—are proposed. The proposed models are able to predict the data measured in these power plants with good accuracy, and so they can be regarded as useful tools for designing new abatement systems or optimizing the existing ones.
Paglianti, A.; Viviani, E.; Brunazzi, Elisabetta; Sabatelli, F.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/48666
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