In the first part of this paper we revisit the history of theoretical predictions for HE luminosities in old Population II stellar clusters, starting from the results of "old" evolutionary computations to introduce in various steps all the available "new" physics. We discuss the influence of physical ingredients on selected evolutionary parameters, finally presenting models which incorporate all the most recent updating of the relevant physics. The evolutionary behavior of such models is extensively investigated for selected choices about the cluster metallicity, discussing theoretical predictions concerning both cluster isochrones and the calibration of the parameter R in terms of the original amount of He in stellar matter. One finds that the "new" physics has a relevant influence on both these parameters, moving cluster ages into a much better agreement with current cosmological evaluations. This scenario is implemented by a further set of stellar models where element diffusion is taken into account. The comparison between theoretical scenarios with or without diffusion is presented and discussed. A discussion of current observational constraints in the light of the updated theory closes the paper.

An updated theoretical scenario for globular cluster stars

DEGL'INNOCENTI, SCILLA;
1998

Abstract

In the first part of this paper we revisit the history of theoretical predictions for HE luminosities in old Population II stellar clusters, starting from the results of "old" evolutionary computations to introduce in various steps all the available "new" physics. We discuss the influence of physical ingredients on selected evolutionary parameters, finally presenting models which incorporate all the most recent updating of the relevant physics. The evolutionary behavior of such models is extensively investigated for selected choices about the cluster metallicity, discussing theoretical predictions concerning both cluster isochrones and the calibration of the parameter R in terms of the original amount of He in stellar matter. One finds that the "new" physics has a relevant influence on both these parameters, moving cluster ages into a much better agreement with current cosmological evaluations. This scenario is implemented by a further set of stellar models where element diffusion is taken into account. The comparison between theoretical scenarios with or without diffusion is presented and discussed. A discussion of current observational constraints in the light of the updated theory closes the paper.
Cassisi, S; Castellani, V; Degl'Innocenti, Scilla; Weiss, A.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/49589
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