Abstract BACKGROUND The foam sclerotherapy technique has become one of the most commonly used treatments for superficial venous insufficiency. Despite excellent results, few visual/neurologic disturbances have been recently reported; their pathogenesis is still debated but a correlation with endothelin-1 (ET-1) release from the treated vein has been proposed. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this work was to evaluate the ET-1 release after sclerotherapy and to investigate the effects of the anti-endothelin drug aminaphtone. METHODS AND MATERIALS As in vitro sclerotherapy model, an endothelial cell culture, mimicking vascular endothelium, was pretreated with aminaphtone and exposed to detergents. Cell survival and ET-1 release were measured. In in vivo experiments, 45 rats, fed with different aminaphtone-rich diets, were subjected to sclerotherapy, and the systemic ET-1 was measured. RESULTS A minaphtone cell exposure caused a statistically significant reduction in ET-1 release, both before and after in vitro sclerotherapy. Rats fed with aminaphtone showed a trend toward reduced mortality and a significant decrease of ET-1 release after sclerotherapy. CONCLUSION This is the first study in which an anti-endothelin agent was able to cause a significant reduction of ET-1 release during sclerotherapy. Although clinical studies are required, these findings might advocate the use of anti-endothelin agents in prophylaxis of neurologic or visual disturbances after sclerotherapy.
|Autori:||Frullini Alessandro ; Da Pozzo Eleonora ; Felice Francesca; Burchielli Silvia ;Martini Claudia;Di Stefano Rossella|
|Titolo:||Prevention of Excessive Endothelin-1 Release in Sclerotherapy: In Vitro and In Vivo Studies.|
|Anno del prodotto:||2014|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1111/dsu.0000000000000038|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|