Huntington disease (HD) is pathologically characterized by a selective neurodegeneration of vulnerable populations of neurons, with an early marked neuronal loss and atrophy in the neostriatum. Dopaminergic innervations of neostriatal neurons originate in the substantia nigra pars compacta. Few studies investigated the neuronal loss and the functional role of the substantia nigra in modulating clinical features in HD.12 patients and 12 age-matched controls underwent SPECT scans with (123)I-FP-CIT and a 1.5 T MRI scan with inversion recovery technique. The association between both clinical and neuropsychological features and striatal uptake and volume of substantia nigra was explored.Striatal (p < 0.05), caudate (p < 0.05), and putaminal (p < 0.01) uptake was significantly lower in patients with respect to controls. Further, the volume of substantia nigra was reduced in HD when compared to controls (p < 0.01). No relationship between the volume of SN and tracer striatal uptake was found as well as between clinical and neuropsychological features with the SPECT and MRI results.Our results confirm that the degeneration of nigrostriatal pathway may occur in symptomatic HD patients. If confirmed by larger studies, the lack of any kind of correlation between clinical and neuropsychological features with striatal uptake and volume of substantia nigra suggests that motor and cognitive aspects in HD are not directly related to nigrostriatal degeneration.

Nigral involvement and nigrostriatal dysfunction in Huntington's disease: evidences from an MRI and SPECT study.

KIFERLE, LORENZO;MAZZUCCHI, SONIA;UNTI, ELISA;FABBRI, SERENA;NICOLETTI, VALENTINA;VOLTERRANI, DUCCIO;COSOTTINI, MIRCO;BONUCCELLI, UBALDO;CERAVOLO, ROBERTO
2013

Abstract

Huntington disease (HD) is pathologically characterized by a selective neurodegeneration of vulnerable populations of neurons, with an early marked neuronal loss and atrophy in the neostriatum. Dopaminergic innervations of neostriatal neurons originate in the substantia nigra pars compacta. Few studies investigated the neuronal loss and the functional role of the substantia nigra in modulating clinical features in HD.12 patients and 12 age-matched controls underwent SPECT scans with (123)I-FP-CIT and a 1.5 T MRI scan with inversion recovery technique. The association between both clinical and neuropsychological features and striatal uptake and volume of substantia nigra was explored.Striatal (p < 0.05), caudate (p < 0.05), and putaminal (p < 0.01) uptake was significantly lower in patients with respect to controls. Further, the volume of substantia nigra was reduced in HD when compared to controls (p < 0.01). No relationship between the volume of SN and tracer striatal uptake was found as well as between clinical and neuropsychological features with the SPECT and MRI results.Our results confirm that the degeneration of nigrostriatal pathway may occur in symptomatic HD patients. If confirmed by larger studies, the lack of any kind of correlation between clinical and neuropsychological features with striatal uptake and volume of substantia nigra suggests that motor and cognitive aspects in HD are not directly related to nigrostriatal degeneration.
Kiferle, Lorenzo; Mazzucchi, Sonia; Unti, Elisa; Pesaresi, I; Fabbri, Serena; Nicoletti, Valentina; Volterrani, Duccio; Cosottini, Mirco; Bonuccelli, Ubaldo; Ceravolo, Roberto
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11568/505276
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