The tryptic cleavage pattern of transducin (G(t)) in solution was compared with that in the presence of phospholipid vesicles, rod outer segment (ROS) membranes kept in the dark, or ROS membranes containing light-activated rhodopsin, metarhodopsin II (Rh*). When G(t) was in the high affinity complex with Rh*, the alpha(t) subunit was almost completely protected from proteolysis. The protection of at at Arg(310) was complete, while Arg(204) was substantially protected. The cleavage of alpha(t) at Lys's was protected in the presence of phospholipid vesicles, ROS membranes kept in the dark, or ROS membranes containing Rh*. The cleavage of beta(t) was slower in the presence of ROS membranes or phospholipid vesicles. When the Rh*. G(t) complex was incubated with guanyl-5'-yl thiophosphate, a guanine nucleotide analog known to release the high affinity interaction between G(t) and Rh*, the protection at Arg(310) and Arg(304) was diminished. From our results, we propose that Rh* either physically blocks access of trypsin to Arg(204) and Arg(310) or maintains the heterotrimer in such a conformation that these cleavage sites are not available. Since Arg(204) is involved in the switch interface with beta gamma(t) (Lambright, D. G., Sondek, J., Bohm, A., Skiba, N. P., Hamm, H. E., and Sigler, P. B. (1996) Nature 379, 311-319), it may be that beta gamma(t) is implicated in protecting this cleavage site in the receptor-bound, stabilized heterotrimer. Arg(310) is not near the beta gamma(t) subunit, thus we believe that the high affinity binding of G(t) to Rh* physically or sterically blocks access of trypsin to this site. Thus, Arg(310), only a few angstroms away from the carboxyl terminus of a,, which is known to directly bind to Rh*, is likely to also be a part of the Rh* binding site. This is in agreement with other studies and has implications for the mechanism by which receptors catalyze GDP release from G proteins. The protection of Lys(18) in the presence of phospholipid vesicles suggests that the amino-terminal region is in contact with the membrane, consistent with the crystal structure of the heterotrimer (Lambright, D. G., Sondek, J., Bohm, A., Skiba, N. P., Hamm, H. E., and Sigler, P. B.(1996) Nature 379, 311-319).
|Autori interni:||MAZZONI, MARIA ROSA|
|Autori:||Mazzoni M; Hamm H|
|Titolo:||Interaction of transducin with light-activated rhodopsin protects it from proteolytic digestion by trypsin|
|Anno del prodotto:||1996|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|