Recent studies show that more than 86% of Internet paths allow well-designed TCP extensions, meaning that it is still possible to deploy transport layer improvements despite the existence of middleboxes in the network. Hence, the blame for the slow evolution of protocols (with extensions taking many years to become widely used) should be placed on end systems. In this paper, we revisit the case for moving protocols stacks up into user space in order to ease the deployment of new protocols, extensions, or performance optimizations. We present MultiStack, operating system support for userlevel protocol stacks. MultiStack runs within commodity operating systems, can concurrently host a large number of isolated stacks, has a fall-back path to the legacy host stack, and is able to process packets at rates of 10Gb/s. We validate our design by showing that our mux/demux layer can validate and switch packets at line rate (up to 14.88 Mpps) on a 10 Gbit port using 1-2 cores, and that a proof-of-concept HTTP server running over a basic userspace TCP outperforms by 18–90% both the same server and nginx running over the kernel’s stack.

Rekindling network protocol innovation with user-level stacks

RIZZO, LUIGI
2014-01-01

Abstract

Recent studies show that more than 86% of Internet paths allow well-designed TCP extensions, meaning that it is still possible to deploy transport layer improvements despite the existence of middleboxes in the network. Hence, the blame for the slow evolution of protocols (with extensions taking many years to become widely used) should be placed on end systems. In this paper, we revisit the case for moving protocols stacks up into user space in order to ease the deployment of new protocols, extensions, or performance optimizations. We present MultiStack, operating system support for userlevel protocol stacks. MultiStack runs within commodity operating systems, can concurrently host a large number of isolated stacks, has a fall-back path to the legacy host stack, and is able to process packets at rates of 10Gb/s. We validate our design by showing that our mux/demux layer can validate and switch packets at line rate (up to 14.88 Mpps) on a 10 Gbit port using 1-2 cores, and that a proof-of-concept HTTP server running over a basic userspace TCP outperforms by 18–90% both the same server and nginx running over the kernel’s stack.
2014
Michio, Honda; Felipe, Huici; Costin, Raiciu; Joao, Araujo; Rizzo, Luigi
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11568/510869
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