Adjuvant therapy in colorectal cancer has evolved to become the standard of care, whereas the tumor capability of activating effective mechanisms of defence against both chemical and physical cytotoxic agents represents a serious obstacle to the successful therapy of human tumors. Therefore, the possibility to have an assay useful to measure the drug sensitivity of tumor cells has a great importance. A number of cytotoxicity assays are currently available, each of them using a specific approach to detect different aspects of cell viability, such as cell integrity, proliferation and metabolic functions. The purpose of this study is to compare, under identical experimental conditions, three common cytotoxicity assays (ATP-lite, MTT and CCK-8 assays) in the assessment of the anti-proliferative effects of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and oxaliplatin (OHP) on three colon cancer cell lines (WiDr, SW620 and HT-29). Regarding 5-FU, the three assays were found to be significantly correlated with a moderate or high correlation coefficient, whereas in the case of OHP we found different outcomes among the assays. Our study demonstrates that the CCK-8 is the most sensitive assay for detecting changes of cell viability, suggesting that the viability measured in cells after drug exposure depends on several parameters like the drug used, the biological characteristics of the target cell and the specific approach employed by the method to detect distinct cell growth and metabolic functions.
LEGITIMO, ANNALISA (Co-primo)
CONSOLINI, RITA (Ultimo) (Corresponding)
|Autori:||Failli, A.; Legitimo, Annalisa; Orsini, G.; Castagna, Maura; Spisni, Roberto; Miccoli, Paolo; Consolini, Rita|
|Titolo:||Antiproliferative effects of 5-fluorouracil and oxaliplatin in colon cancer cell lines: comparison of three different cytotoxicity assays|
|Anno del prodotto:||2013|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|