Pubertal development is associated with a rise in plasma insulin-like growth factor I(IGF-I) levels that is related both to the increase in sex steroids and/or to the sex steroid-induced augmentation in endogenous growth hormone (GH) secretion. In order to investigate the relationship between IGF-I, GH and testosterone, we examined 12 male subjects with various clinical conditions (classical GH deficiency (CGHD, N = 5), non-classical GH deficiency (NCGHD, N = 7), short idiopathic stature (N = 6), nutritional obesity (N = 8), GH-treated CGHD (N = 4), GH-treated NCGHD (N = 5) and normal stature (N = 7)) in which, for evaluation of hypogonadism (i.e. the absence of one or both testes from the scrotal sac), human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) tests were performed, We measured IGF-I, total and free testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) by radioimmunoassays before and 48 and 96 h after the start of the test. The values of IGF-I were lower (0.001 < p < 0.005) in CGHD and NCGHD than in the other groups. In comparison to basal levels, IGF-I values increased (0.005 < p < 0.05) both 48 and 96h after the start of the hCG test in short idiopathic and normal stature children and in GH-treated subjects with NCGHD, but only 96h in subjects with untreated NCGHD and GH-treated CGHD. No difference was demonstrated in basal values of total testosterone among any of the groups, while basal free testosterone levels were higher (0.001 < p < 0.05) in GH-treated subjects with NCGHD than in all the other groups except nutritional obesity: furthermore, free testosterone was higher ip < 0.05) in nutritional obesity than in CGHD, The values of total and free testosterone obtained both 48 and 96 h after the start of the hCG test were higher (0.001 < p < 0.05) than basal values in all groups. The DHEAS values did not show any significant change during the hCG test. Basal values were higher (0.01 < p < 0.05) in nutritional obesity than in the other groups. Considering all groups, chonological age, bone age and bone age/chronological age ratio were correlated with basal free testosterone, IGF-I and DHEAS levels (0.001 < p < 0.05). while basal free testosterone and IGF-I values were correlated with DHEAS levels (p < 0.005 and < 0.01, respectively), In conclusion, our study during the hCG test in boys with various clinical conditions demonstrated an increase in IGF-I concentrations only in those boys with sufficient GH secretion or GH replacement therapy, These findings indicate that both sex steroids and GH are necessary to allow for the pubertal increase in IGF-I levels.
|Autori interni:||SAGGESE, GIUSEPPE|
|Autori:||SAGGESE G; CESARETTI G; FRANCHI G; STARTARI L|
|Titolo:||Testosterone-induced increase of insulin-like growth factor I levels depends upon normal levels of growth hormone|
|Anno del prodotto:||1996|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|