We here report the activity of the neurohormone melatonin (MLT) as a scavenger of free radicals in two different experimental models: (a) linoleic acid peroxidation initiated by different free radical-generating systems and (b) a multilamellar vesicle system composed of dilinoleoylphosphatidylcholine. In system (a) linoleic acid peroxidation, induced by either the water-soluble initiator 2,2'-azobis (2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride (ABAP) or Fe2+-EDTA addition to 2.6 mM linoleic acid dispersed in SDS-phosphate buffer, was evaluated as the formation of conjugated dienes, measured spectrophotometrically at 236 nm. MLT did not reduce the rate of peroxidation induced by ABAP, but did reduce, in a concentration-dependent fashion, the rate of the reaction activated by Fe2+-EDTA. In system (b) multilamellar vesicles were used as the substrate for lipid peroxidation, initiated by Fe2+-EDTA and determined by means of malonaldehyde (MDA) and 4-hydroxyalkenal (4-HDA) content. MLT was found to be slightly more effective in system (b) than in the dispersed linoleic acid system (see a). These results show that MLT inhibits lipid damage induced by oxygen free radicals. However, MLT is only about one one-hundredth as effective an antioxidant as vitamin E in the micelles system.
|Autori interni:||LONGONI, BIANCAMARIA|
MARCHIAFAVA, PIER LORENZO
|Autori:||LONGONI B; SALGO M..G; PRYOR W.A., MARCHIAFAVA P.L|
|Titolo:||EFFECTS OF MELATONIN ON LIPID PEROXIDATION INDUCED BY OXYGEN RADICALS|
|Anno del prodotto:||1998|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|