Previous studies have reported evidence of an important interaction between nitric oxide (NO) and prostaglandins in the acute regulation of renal function. The objective of this study was to determine in conscious dogs whether the renal effects of the prolonged administration of a cyclooxygenase inhibitor are enhanced when NO synthesis is reduced. Meclofenamate infusion (5 mu g.kg(-1).min(-1)) during 4 consecutive days (n=8) elicited a continuous decrease (P<0.05) in renal blood flow and plasma renin activity and a transitory decrease in sodium excretion. N-G-Nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) infusion (5 mu g.kg(-1).min(-1)) during 6 days (n=8) produced a significant increase in arterial pressure and a transitory decrease (P<0.05) in both renal blood flow and plasma renin activity. The simultaneous inhibition of NO and prostaglandin synthesis (n=7) led to an increase in arterial pressure and a decrease in renal blood flow similar to these observed during the administration of either L-NAME or meclofenamate. In contrast, this simultaneous inhibition produced a decrease in glomerular filtration rate, which was not observed in the previous groups, and also induced an increase in renal vascular resistance and a decrease in sodium excretion greater (P<0,05) than those found during the inhibition of either NO or prostaglandins. Only a transitory decrease in plasma renin activity was found during meclofenamate infusion in this group. The results of this study present new evidence that the renal vasoconstrictor and antinatriuretic effects induced by the prolonged infusion of a cyclooxygenase inhibitor are significantly enhanced when NO synthesis is reduced. These results suggest that renal function may be more sensitive to the prolonged administration of a cyclooxygenase inhibitor in situations where NO production is reduced.
|Autori:||GONZALEZ JD; LLINAS MT; NAVA E; GHIADONI L; SALAZAR JF|
|Titolo:||Role of nitric oxide in the long-term control of renal function|
|Anno del prodotto:||1998|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|