Endoscopic adrenalectomy has been recommended for the treatment of several benign adrenal diseases. The safety of this procedure largely depends on a careful surgical dissection and appropriate hemostatic technique. An established slipknotting technique was employed to control the main adrenal vein in a consecutive series of 14 patients undergoing endoscopic adrenalectomy. The operative steps to ligate the adrenal pedicle are described. A Medline search also was conducted to identify all reported bleeding episodes associated with this procedure. All attempted ligatures of the main adrenal vein were completed successfully by the described technique, and none of our patients required perioperative blood transfusion. Twenty-eight episodes of bleeding collected from the literature were analyzed. Hemorrhagic accidents related to dislodgement of clips were documented at least in three patients. The cause of bleeding was unspecified in 10 patients. Extracorporeal ligation of the main adrenal vein is feasible, safe, and advisable to prevent the occurrence of hemorrhage during endoscopic adrenalectomy.
|Autori:||PIETRABISSA A; CUSCHIERI A; CAROBBI A; BOGGI U; VISTOLI F; MOSCA F|
|Titolo:||Safety of adrenal vein ligation during endoscopic adrenalectomy: a technical note|
|Anno del prodotto:||1999|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|